Skip directly to searchSkip directly to the site navigationSkip directly to the page's main content

Lea County Environmental Health Profile

map of New Mexico showing county highlighted
    Communities
  • Hobbs
  • Lovington
  • Eunice

  • Jal
  • Tatum
map of New Mexico showing county highlighted


Lea County New Mexico
County seat Lovington -
Population (July 1, 2015) 70,881 2,099,856
% New Mexico population 3.4% 100%
Land area (sq. miles) 4,391 121,298
Persons per sq. mile (2015) 16.1 17.3
Resident live births (2015) 1,213 25,730
Deaths of NM residents (2015) 521 17,687
No. households (2011-2015) 25,117 909,565


Click titles to view content

Lea
County
New Mexico United States Lea/NM
comparison *
Lea/US
comparison *
10-year trend
% under age 5 8.5% 6.6% 6.3% higher higher no trend
% under age 18 30.4% 24.3% 23.3% higher higher +0.3%
% Age 65 or older 10.4% 14.7% 14.1% lower lower -0.9%
% Age 75 or older 4.5% 6.2% 6.2% lower lower -0.9%
% Hispanic 56.6% 47.4% 17.1% higher higher +2.4%
% White 37.9% 39.2% 62.3% lower lower -2.2%
% American Indian 0.9% 8.5% 0.7% lower higher +0.8%
% Black 4.0% 1.8% 12.3% higher lower -0.8%
% Asian 0.6% 1.3% 5.2% lower lower +2.2%
* County-level values represent the average of a range of likely values (defined here by 95% confidence intervals). State and national averages are compared to county-level values using these confidence intervals. 'Similar' indicates that the state or national averages fall within the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Higher' indicates that state or national averages fall below the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Lower' indicates that state or national averages are above the county-level 95% confidence interval.

Lea
County
New Mexico United States Lea/NM
comparison *
Lea/US
comparison *
10-year trend
Median income $57,533 $44,963 $53,889 higher similar -
% in poverty 15.0% 21.0% 15.5% lower similar -
% Children under 5 in poverty 27.0% 34.0% 23.0% lower similar -
% Children under 18 in poverty 21.8% 29.4% 21.7% lower similar -
% Adults over 65 in poverty 10.6% 12.0% 9.4% similar similar -
% Unemployment 5.9% 5.4% 8.3% similar lower -
% High school diploma or higher 71.9% 84.2% 86.7% lower lower -
% Bachelors or higher 13.2% 26.3% 29.8% lower lower -
% Speaking English less than well 13.5% 26.1% 8.6% lower higher -
% Disabled 11.5% 14.6% 12.4% lower similar -
% with no health insurance 19.4% 16.4% 13.0% higher higher -
% Homes built before 1950 11.0% 9.2% 18.4% higher lower -
% Homes built before 1980 67.3% 47.5% 55.8% higher higher -
Data Sources: US Census American Community Survey (2011-2015).
* County-level values represent the average of a range of likely values (defined here by 95% confidence intervals). State and national averages are compared to county-level values using these confidence intervals. 'Similar' indicates that the state or national averages fall within the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Higher' indicates that state or national averages fall below the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Lower' indicates that state or national averages are above the county-level 95% confidence interval.

Lea
County
New Mexico United States Lea/NM comparison * Lea/US comparison * 10-year trend
Life expectancy at birth 76.2 78.6 78.8 lower lower no trend
Life expectancy at age 65 18.5 20.4 19.3 lower lower no trend
Years of potential life lost (per 100,000 residents) 1 8,496 7,716 6,601 higher higher no trend
Overall mortality rate (per 100,000) 878 736 824 higher higher no trend
Infant mortality (per 1,000 live births) 7.1 5.6 6.0 similar similar no trend
% Infants with low birthweight (<2500 g) 9.0% 9.0% 8.0% similar similar no trend
% Pre-term births (<37 weeks) 10.0% 9.0% 9.5% similar similar -3.2%
Data Sources: New Mexico Vital Records (2013-2015).
1 Years of potential life lost (YPLL) is a measure of premature mortality. It refers to the average number of years a person would have lived if he or she had not died before the age of 75. YPLL per 100,000 residents is shown.
* County-level values represent the average of a range of likely values (defined here by 95% confidence intervals). State and national averages are compared to county-level values using these confidence intervals. 'Similar' indicates that the state or national averages fall within the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Higher' indicates that state or national averages fall below the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Lower' indicates that state or national averages are above the county-level 95% confidence interval.


Age-adjusted incidence rate per 100,000 residents, except as noted

Lea
County
New Mexico United States Lea/NM comparison * Lea/US comparison * 10-year trend
Bladder cancer 14.7 15.1 20.1 similar similar no trend
Brain & other nervous system cancer 8.6 5.1 6.4 similar similar no trend
Breast cancer 89.4 133.8 125.0 lower lower no trend
Esophageal cancer 5.9 3.6 4.3 similar similar no trend
Kidney cancer 16.6 14.1 15.6 similar similar no trend
Laryngeal cancer 2.3 2.5 3.2 similar similar no trend
Leukemia 4.2 5.9 13.5 similar lower no trend
Liver cancer 9.1 9.6 8.4 similar similar no trend
Lung cancer 58.6 39.8 57.3 higher similar -3.1%
Melanoma 8.2 14.6 21.8 lower lower -6.1%
Mesothelioma 1.2 0.8 0.9 similar similar no trend
Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma 16.9 16.0 19.5 similar similar no trend
Oral & pharyngeal cancer 8.5 9.0 11.1 similar similar no trend
Pancreatic cancer 15.9 10.8 12.4 similar similar no trend
Thyroid cancer 7.5 15.7 13.9 lower lower -4.7%
% Population ever diagnosed with cancer (excluding melanoma) 1 6.5% 5.9% 6.7% similar similar no trend
Data Sources for incidence rates: New Mexico Tumor Registry (2012-2014)
1 Prevalence of cancer (excluding melanoma) for people surveyed by BRFSS from 2011-2015. BRFSS
* County-level values represent the average of a range of likely values (defined here by 95% confidence intervals). State and national averages are compared to county-level values using these confidence intervals. 'Similar' indicates that the state or national averages fall within the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Higher' indicates that state or national averages fall below the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Lower' indicates that state or national averages are above the county-level 95% confidence interval.

Lea
County
New Mexico United States Lea/NM comparison * Lea/US comparison * 10-year trend
% Children under age 6 tested for elevated blood lead 3.4% 8.7% - similar - +18.2%
% Children under age 6 tested with blood levels >10 ug/dl 0.0% 0.2% - lower - no trend
Carbon monoxide poisoning hospital admissions (rate per 10,000 residents) 9.5 10.2 - similar - no trend
Carbon monoxide poisoning emergency dept visits (rate per 10,000 residents) 9.3 10.2 - similar - no trend
Carbon monoxide exposure calls (rate per 10,000 residents) 2.5 8.5 - lower - no trend
Data Sources: NM EPHT (2013-2015).
* County-level values represent the average of a range of likely values (defined here by 95% confidence intervals). State and national averages are compared to county-level values using these confidence intervals. 'Similar' indicates that the state or national averages fall within the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Higher' indicates that state or national averages fall below the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Lower' indicates that state or national averages are above the county-level 95% confidence interval.

Lea
County
New Mexico United States Lea/NM comparison * Lea/US comparison * 10-year trend
Asthma hospital admissions (rate per 10,000 residents) 15.2 8.7 - higher - -9.2%
Asthma emergency dept visits (rate per 10,000 residents) 66.5 44.1 - higher - -
Asthma prevalence (% residents with current diagnosis) 8.2% 9.5% 9.0% similar similar no trend
COPD hospital admissions (rate per 10,000 residents) 30.7 9.2 - higher - no trend
COPD prevalence (% residents with current diagnosis) 1 8.8% 5.7% 6.3% higher higher no trend
Diabetes prevalence (% residents with current diagnosis) 2 11.1% 10.1% 9.8% similar similar no trend
Heart attack hospital admissions (rate per 10,000 residents) 2.6 12.2 - lower - -9.1%
Heat stress related emergency dept visits (rate per 10,000 residents) 50.9 12.8 - higher - no trend
Data Sources: 1 NM EPHT (2012-2014); 2 BRFSS (2011-2015).
* County-level values represent the average of a range of likely values (defined here by 95% confidence intervals). State and national averages are compared to county-level values using these confidence intervals. 'Similar' indicates that the state or national averages fall within the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Higher' indicates that state or national averages fall below the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Lower' indicates that state or national averages are above the county-level 95% confidence interval.
Lea
County
*PM2.5 average annual concentration (mcg/m 3 ) -- LURBME model 8.0
PM2.5 average annual days over NAAQS 1
Ozone average annual days over NAAQS 0
Data Sources: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Environmental Public Health Tracking Network. Annual PM 2.5 Level (Monitor + Modeled). Accessed From Environmental Public Health Tracking Network: www.cdc.gov/ephtracking.
* EPA NAAQS for annual average PM2.5 concentration is 12 mcg/m 3 .

Type Site Name EPA Webpage for Site
None
Data Sources: US EPA (2017). Some of these pages may be restricted and not available to the public. We have utilized the URLs provided by the EPA.


% of Private Wells Tested that Exceeded MCLs1 for:

Uranium Nitrate Arsenic
-0.0%-
Testing Years: Uranium (1981-2016); Arsenic (1976-2015); Nitrate (2004-2012).
Only a minority of private wells in each county have been tested for these constituents. Therefore, these percentages only refer to wells that have been sampled and may not be representative of the county as a whole.
1 MCL (Maximum Contaminant Level): standard set by EPA for drinking water quality.
Water System Contaminant Average level MCL 1 Number of
people served
Eunice Water Supply System Arsenic (ug/L) 6.70 10 4,029
Eunice Water Supply System Atrazine (ug/L) 2.10 10 4,029
Eunice Water Supply System Di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) (ug/L) 0.30 6 4,029
Eunice Water Supply System Haloacetic acid (ug/L) 0.05 3 4,029
Eunice Water Supply System Radium (pCi/L) 0.25 5 4,029
Eunice Water Supply System Tetrachloroethylene (ug/L) 7.94 80 4,029
Eunice Water Supply System Trichloroethylene (ug/L) 0.25 5 4,029
Eunice Water Supply System Trihalomethane (ug/L) 2.00 30 4,029
Eunice Water Supply System Uranium (ug/L) 0.25 5 4,029
Hobbs Municipal Water Supply Arsenic (ug/L) 5.98 10 37,877
Hobbs Municipal Water Supply Atrazine (ug/L) 3.80 10 37,877
Hobbs Municipal Water Supply Di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) (ug/L) 0.30 6 37,877
Hobbs Municipal Water Supply Haloacetic acid (ug/L) 0.10 3 37,877
Hobbs Municipal Water Supply Radium (pCi/L) 0.25 5 37,877
Hobbs Municipal Water Supply Tetrachloroethylene (ug/L) 13.82 80 37,877
Hobbs Municipal Water Supply Trichloroethylene (ug/L) 0.35 5 37,877
Hobbs Municipal Water Supply Trihalomethane (ug/L) 5.20 30 37,877
Hobbs Municipal Water Supply Uranium (ug/L) 0.07 5 37,877
Jal Water Supply System Arsenic (ug/L) 5.80 10 2,801
Jal Water Supply System Atrazine (ug/L) 1.50 10 2,801
Jal Water Supply System Di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) (ug/L) 0.30 6 2,801
Jal Water Supply System Haloacetic acid (ug/L) 0.10 3 2,801
Jal Water Supply System Radium (pCi/L) 0.25 5 2,801
Jal Water Supply System Tetrachloroethylene (ug/L) 1.81 80 2,801
Jal Water Supply System Trichloroethylene (ug/L) 0.25 5 2,801
Jal Water Supply System Trihalomethane (ug/L) 7.00 30 2,801
Jal Water Supply System Uranium (ug/L) 0.65 5 2,801
Lovington Municipal Water Supply Arsenic (ug/L) 7.10 10 13,588
Lovington Municipal Water Supply Atrazine (ug/L) 2.60 10 13,588
Lovington Municipal Water Supply Di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) (ug/L) 0.30 6 13,588
Lovington Municipal Water Supply Haloacetic acid (ug/L) 0.10 3 13,588
Lovington Municipal Water Supply Radium (pCi/L) 0.25 5 13,588
Lovington Municipal Water Supply Tetrachloroethylene (ug/L) 4.12 80 13,588
Lovington Municipal Water Supply Trichloroethylene (ug/L) 0.25 5 13,588
Lovington Municipal Water Supply Trihalomethane (ug/L) 2.00 30 13,588
Lovington Municipal Water Supply Uranium (ug/L) 0.10 5 13,588
Mescalero Ridge Water Co-Op Arsenic (ug/L) 6.20 10 50
Mescalero Ridge Water Co-Op Atrazine (ug/L) 2.90 10 50
Mescalero Ridge Water Co-Op Di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) (ug/L) 0.30 6 50
Mescalero Ridge Water Co-Op Haloacetic acid (ug/L) 0.10 3 50
Mescalero Ridge Water Co-Op Radium (pCi/L) 0.25 5 50
Mescalero Ridge Water Co-Op Tetrachloroethylene (ug/L) 0.25 80 50
Mescalero Ridge Water Co-Op Trichloroethylene (ug/L) 0.25 5 50
Mescalero Ridge Water Co-Op Trihalomethane (ug/L) 2.00 30 50
Mescalero Ridge Water Co-Op Uranium (ug/L) 0.14 5 50
Tatum Municipal Water System Arsenic (ug/L) 8.40 10 948
Tatum Municipal Water System Atrazine (ug/L) 2.90 10 948
Tatum Municipal Water System Di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) (ug/L) 0.05 6 948
Tatum Municipal Water System Haloacetic acid (ug/L) 0.02 3 948
Tatum Municipal Water System Radium (pCi/L) 0.25 5 948
Tatum Municipal Water System Tetrachloroethylene (ug/L) 15.00 80 948
Tatum Municipal Water System Trichloroethylene (ug/L) 0.25 5 948
Tatum Municipal Water System Trihalomethane (ug/L) 3.00 30 948
Tatum Municipal Water System Uranium (ug/L) 0.11 5 948
Data Sources: NM EPHT (2015).
1 MCL (Maximum Contaminant Level): standard set by EPA for drinking water quality.
Lea
County
New Mexico United States Lea/NM comparison * Lea/US comparison * 10-year trend
% Population with BMI >30 37.3% 27.7% 28.9% higher higher no trend
% Population that currently smokes 22.4% 19.7% 17.5% similar higher no trend
Data Sources: BRFSS (2011-2015)
* County-level values represent the average of a range of likely values (defined here by 95% confidence intervals). State and national averages are compared to county-level values using these confidence intervals. 'Similar' indicates that the state or national averages fall within the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Higher' indicates that state or national averages fall below the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Lower' indicates that state or national averages are above the county-level 95% confidence interval.


This information was curated and analyzed for your public health planning by NM EPHT, a program of the New Mexico Department of Health. Want to learn more about integrating environmental and health information into your community? We are here to help. Contact us:

New Mexico Environmental Public Health Tracking
URL: https://nmtracking.org/
Email: doh-eheb@state.nm.us
Phone (toll-free): 1-888-878-8992


  • 10-year trends are determined using linear regression. Percentages can be interpreted as the rate of change over the most recent decade. For example, +2.5% indicates a rate of increase of 2.5% per decade, and -2.5% indicates a 2.5% rate of decrease per decade. Trends that were not statistically significant (p>0.05) appear as 'no trend'.
The NM EPHT Web site is supported by Cooperative Agreement Number 5 U38EH000949 from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Its contents are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official views of CDC. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Tue, 21 November 2017 19:01:32 from New Mexico EPHT Tracking Public Web site: https://nmtracking.org/ ".

Content updated: Fri, 9 Jun 2017 09:26:33 MDT