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Los Alamos County Environmental Health Profile

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  • Los Alamos
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Los Alamos County New Mexico
County seat Los Alamos -
Population (July 1, 2015) 17,905 2,099,856
% New Mexico population 0.9% 100%
Land area (sq. miles) 109 121,298
Persons per sq. mile (2015) 0.2 17.3
Resident live births (2015) 168 25,730
Deaths of NM residents (2015) 123 17,687
No. households (2011-2015) 8,313 909,565


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Los Alamos
County
New Mexico United States Los Alamos/NM
comparison *
Los Alamos/US
comparison *
10-year trend
% under age 5 5.5% 6.6% 6.3% lower lower no trend
% under age 18 23.0% 24.3% 23.3% lower lower -0.3%
% Age 65 or older 17.0% 14.7% 14.1% higher higher +2.5%
% Age 75 or older 7.4% 6.2% 6.2% higher higher +1.7%
% Hispanic 17.1% 47.4% 17.1% lower - +2.5%
% White 74.0% 39.2% 62.3% higher higher -0.8%
% American Indian 0.9% 8.5% 0.7% lower higher +5.0%
% Black 1.1% 1.8% 12.3% lower lower +4.7%
% Asian 6.9% 1.3% 5.2% higher higher +4.3%
* County-level values represent the average of a range of likely values (defined here by 95% confidence intervals). State and national averages are compared to county-level values using these confidence intervals. 'Similar' indicates that the state or national averages fall within the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Higher' indicates that state or national averages fall below the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Lower' indicates that state or national averages are above the county-level 95% confidence interval.

Los Alamos
County
New Mexico United States Los Alamos/NM
comparison *
Los Alamos/US
comparison *
10-year trend
Median income $101,934 $44,963 $53,889 higher higher -
% in poverty 6.1% 21.0% 15.5% lower lower -
% Children under 5 in poverty 13.0% 34.0% 23.0% lower similar -
% Children under 18 in poverty 7.7% 29.4% 21.7% lower lower -
% Adults over 65 in poverty 3.6% 12.0% 9.4% lower lower -
% Unemployment 3.5% 5.4% 8.3% lower lower -
% High school diploma or higher 97.0% 84.2% 86.7% higher higher -
% Bachelors or higher 64.2% 26.3% 29.8% higher higher -
% Speaking English less than well 4.2% 26.1% 8.6% lower lower -
% Disabled 11.1% 14.6% 12.4% lower similar -
% with no health insurance 5.8% 16.4% 13.0% lower lower -
% Homes built before 1950 8.7% 9.2% 18.4% lower lower -
% Homes built before 1980 69.2% 47.5% 55.8% higher higher -
Data Sources: US Census American Community Survey (2011-2015).
* County-level values represent the average of a range of likely values (defined here by 95% confidence intervals). State and national averages are compared to county-level values using these confidence intervals. 'Similar' indicates that the state or national averages fall within the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Higher' indicates that state or national averages fall below the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Lower' indicates that state or national averages are above the county-level 95% confidence interval.

Los Alamos
County
New Mexico United States Los Alamos/NM comparison * Los Alamos/US comparison * 10-year trend
Life expectancy at birth 84.5 78.6 78.8 higher higher no trend
Life expectancy at age 65 22.3 20.4 19.3 higher higher no trend
Years of potential life lost (per 100,000 residents) 1 2,992 7,716 6,601 lower lower no trend
Overall mortality rate (per 100,000) 513 736 824 lower lower no trend
Infant mortality (per 1,000 live births) 0.0 5.6 6.0 lower lower no trend
% Infants with low birthweight (<2500 g) 9.0% 9.0% 8.0% similar similar -
% Pre-term births (<37 weeks) 9.0% 9.0% 9.5% similar similar no trend
Data Sources: New Mexico Vital Records (2013-2015).
1 Years of potential life lost (YPLL) is a measure of premature mortality. It refers to the average number of years a person would have lived if he or she had not died before the age of 75. YPLL per 100,000 residents is shown.
* County-level values represent the average of a range of likely values (defined here by 95% confidence intervals). State and national averages are compared to county-level values using these confidence intervals. 'Similar' indicates that the state or national averages fall within the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Higher' indicates that state or national averages fall below the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Lower' indicates that state or national averages are above the county-level 95% confidence interval.


Age-adjusted incidence rate per 100,000 residents, except as noted

Los Alamos
County
New Mexico United States Los Alamos/NM comparison * Los Alamos/US comparison * 10-year trend
Bladder cancer 8.8 15.1 20.1 similar lower no trend
Brain & other nervous system cancer 4.8 5.1 6.4 similar similar no trend
Breast cancer 184.0 133.8 125.0 higher higher no trend
Esophageal cancer 3.8 3.6 4.3 similar similar no trend
Kidney cancer 9.5 14.1 15.6 similar similar no trend
Laryngeal cancer 0.0 2.5 3.2 similar similar no trend
Leukemia 14.9 5.9 13.5 similar similar no trend
Liver cancer 6.7 9.6 8.4 similar similar no trend
Lung cancer 17.2 39.8 57.3 lower lower no trend
Melanoma 50.7 14.6 21.8 higher higher +9.7%
Mesothelioma 1.2 0.8 0.9 similar similar no trend
Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma 23.0 16.0 19.5 similar similar no trend
Oral & pharyngeal cancer 5.8 9.0 11.1 similar similar no trend
Pancreatic cancer 11.5 10.8 12.4 similar similar no trend
Thyroid cancer 13.7 15.7 13.9 similar similar -7.8%
% Population ever diagnosed with cancer (excluding melanoma) 1 7.2% 5.9% 6.7% similar similar no trend
Data Sources for incidence rates: New Mexico Tumor Registry (2012-2014)
1 Prevalence of cancer (excluding melanoma) for people surveyed by BRFSS from 2011-2015. BRFSS
* County-level values represent the average of a range of likely values (defined here by 95% confidence intervals). State and national averages are compared to county-level values using these confidence intervals. 'Similar' indicates that the state or national averages fall within the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Higher' indicates that state or national averages fall below the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Lower' indicates that state or national averages are above the county-level 95% confidence interval.

Los Alamos
County
New Mexico United States Los Alamos/NM comparison * Los Alamos/US comparison * 10-year trend
% Children under age 6 tested for elevated blood lead 4.5% 8.7% - similar - no trend
% Children under age 6 tested with blood levels >10 ug/dl 0.0% 0.2% - lower - -13.4%
Carbon monoxide poisoning hospital admissions (rate per 10,000 residents) 9.8 10.2 - similar - no trend
Carbon monoxide poisoning emergency dept visits (rate per 10,000 residents) 4.9 10.2 - lower - no trend
Carbon monoxide exposure calls (rate per 10,000 residents) 4.9 8.5 - similar - no trend
Data Sources: NM EPHT (2013-2015).
* County-level values represent the average of a range of likely values (defined here by 95% confidence intervals). State and national averages are compared to county-level values using these confidence intervals. 'Similar' indicates that the state or national averages fall within the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Higher' indicates that state or national averages fall below the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Lower' indicates that state or national averages are above the county-level 95% confidence interval.

Los Alamos
County
New Mexico United States Los Alamos/NM comparison * Los Alamos/US comparison * 10-year trend
Asthma hospital admissions (rate per 10,000 residents) 6.4 8.7 - lower - no trend
Asthma emergency dept visits (rate per 10,000 residents) 24.7 44.1 - lower - -
Asthma prevalence (% residents with current diagnosis) 8.7% 9.5% 9.0% similar similar no trend
COPD hospital admissions (rate per 10,000 residents) 2.9 9.2 - lower - -8.3%
COPD prevalence (% residents with current diagnosis) 1 3.5% 5.7% 6.3% similar lower no trend
Diabetes prevalence (% residents with current diagnosis) 2 4.1% 10.1% 9.8% lower lower no trend
Heart attack hospital admissions (rate per 10,000 residents) 9.2 12.2 - lower - no trend
Heat stress related emergency dept visits (rate per 10,000 residents) 7.1 12.8 - similar - no trend
Data Sources: 1 NM EPHT (2012-2014); 2 BRFSS (2011-2015).
* County-level values represent the average of a range of likely values (defined here by 95% confidence intervals). State and national averages are compared to county-level values using these confidence intervals. 'Similar' indicates that the state or national averages fall within the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Higher' indicates that state or national averages fall below the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Lower' indicates that state or national averages are above the county-level 95% confidence interval.
Los Alamos
County
*PM2.5 average annual concentration (mcg/m 3 ) -- LURBME model 5.6
PM2.5 average annual days over NAAQS No monitor
Ozone average annual days over NAAQS No monitor
Data Sources: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Environmental Public Health Tracking Network. Annual PM 2.5 Level (Monitor + Modeled). Accessed From Environmental Public Health Tracking Network: www.cdc.gov/ephtracking.
* EPA NAAQS for annual average PM2.5 concentration is 12 mcg/m 3 .

Type Site Name EPA Webpage for Site
None
Data Sources: US EPA (2017). Some of these pages may be restricted and not available to the public. We have utilized the URLs provided by the EPA.


% of Private Wells Tested that Exceeded MCLs1 for:

Uranium Nitrate Arsenic
---
Testing Years: Uranium (1981-2016); Arsenic (1976-2015); Nitrate (2004-2012).
Only a minority of private wells in each county have been tested for these constituents. Therefore, these percentages only refer to wells that have been sampled and may not be representative of the county as a whole.
1 MCL (Maximum Contaminant Level): standard set by EPA for drinking water quality.
Water System Contaminant Average level MCL 1 Number of
people served
Los Alamos Municipal Water System Arsenic (ug/L) 3.00 10 25,000
Los Alamos Municipal Water System Atrazine (ug/L) 0.39 10 25,000
Los Alamos Municipal Water System Di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) (ug/L) 0.02 6 25,000
Los Alamos Municipal Water System Haloacetic acid (ug/L) 0.01 3 25,000
Los Alamos Municipal Water System Radium (pCi/L) 0.05 5 25,000
Los Alamos Municipal Water System Tetrachloroethylene (ug/L) 6.21 80 25,000
Los Alamos Municipal Water System Trichloroethylene (ug/L) 0.04 5 25,000
Los Alamos Municipal Water System Trihalomethane (ug/L) 0.50 30 25,000
Los Alamos Municipal Water System Uranium (ug/L) 0.04 5 25,000
Data Sources: NM EPHT (2015).
1 MCL (Maximum Contaminant Level): standard set by EPA for drinking water quality.
Los Alamos
County
New Mexico United States Los Alamos/NM comparison * Los Alamos/US comparison * 10-year trend
% Population with BMI >30 18.0% 27.7% 28.9% lower lower no trend
% Population that currently smokes 8.9% 19.7% 17.5% lower lower no trend
Data Sources: BRFSS (2011-2015)
* County-level values represent the average of a range of likely values (defined here by 95% confidence intervals). State and national averages are compared to county-level values using these confidence intervals. 'Similar' indicates that the state or national averages fall within the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Higher' indicates that state or national averages fall below the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Lower' indicates that state or national averages are above the county-level 95% confidence interval.


This information was curated and analyzed for your public health planning by NM EPHT, a program of the New Mexico Department of Health. Want to learn more about integrating environmental and health information into your community? We are here to help. Contact us:

New Mexico Environmental Public Health Tracking
URL: https://nmtracking.org/
Email: doh-eheb@state.nm.us
Phone (toll-free): 1-888-878-8992


  • 10-year trends are determined using linear regression. Percentages can be interpreted as the rate of change over the most recent decade. For example, +2.5% indicates a rate of increase of 2.5% per decade, and -2.5% indicates a 2.5% rate of decrease per decade. Trends that were not statistically significant (p>0.05) appear as 'no trend'.
The NM EPHT Web site is supported by Cooperative Agreement Number 5 U38EH000949 from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Its contents are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official views of CDC. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Fri, 22 September 2017 12:51:39 from New Mexico EPHT Tracking Public Web site: https://nmtracking.org/ ".

Content updated: Fri, 9 Jun 2017 09:26:33 MDT