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Luna County Environmental Health Profile

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    Communities
  • Deming
  • Columbus
  • Keeler Farm
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Luna County New Mexico
County seat Deming -
Population (July 1, 2015) 24,806 2,099,856
% New Mexico population 1.2% 100%
Land area (sq. miles) 2,965 121,298
Persons per sq. mile (2015) 8.4 17.3
Resident live births (2015) 425 25,730
Deaths of NM residents (2015) 313 17,687
No. households (2011-2015) 10,972 909,565


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Luna
County
New Mexico United States Luna/NM
comparison *
Luna/US
comparison *
10-year trend
% under age 5 7.6% 6.6% 6.3% higher higher no trend
% under age 18 26.0% 24.3% 23.3% higher higher -0.7%
% Age 65 or older 20.9% 14.7% 14.1% higher higher +1.1%
% Age 75 or older 9.4% 6.2% 6.2% higher higher +1.6%
% Hispanic 65.5% 47.4% 17.1% higher higher +1.0%
% White 31.9% 39.2% 62.3% lower lower -1.7%
% American Indian 0.8% 8.5% 0.7% lower higher +1.6%
% Black 1.1% 1.8% 12.3% lower lower +2.4%
% Asian 0.7% 1.3% 5.2% lower lower +5.4%
* County-level values represent the average of a range of likely values (defined here by 95% confidence intervals). State and national averages are compared to county-level values using these confidence intervals. 'Similar' indicates that the state or national averages fall within the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Higher' indicates that state or national averages fall below the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Lower' indicates that state or national averages are above the county-level 95% confidence interval.

Luna
County
New Mexico United States Luna/NM
comparison *
Luna/US
comparison *
10-year trend
Median income $27,476 $44,963 $53,889 lower lower -
% in poverty 29.6% 21.0% 15.5% higher higher -
% Children under 5 in poverty 43.0% 34.0% 23.0% similar higher -
% Children under 18 in poverty 39.0% 29.4% 21.7% higher higher -
% Adults over 65 in poverty 19.3% 12.0% 9.4% higher higher -
% Unemployment 13.8% 5.4% 8.3% higher higher -
% High school diploma or higher 68.7% 84.2% 86.7% lower lower -
% Bachelors or higher 12.1% 26.3% 29.8% lower lower -
% Speaking English less than well 19.0% 26.1% 8.6% lower higher -
% Disabled 19.2% 14.6% 12.4% higher higher -
% with no health insurance 19.6% 16.4% 13.0% higher higher -
% Homes built before 1950 9.0% 9.2% 18.4% lower lower -
% Homes built before 1980 50.3% 47.5% 55.8% higher lower -
Data Sources: US Census American Community Survey (2011-2015).
* County-level values represent the average of a range of likely values (defined here by 95% confidence intervals). State and national averages are compared to county-level values using these confidence intervals. 'Similar' indicates that the state or national averages fall within the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Higher' indicates that state or national averages fall below the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Lower' indicates that state or national averages are above the county-level 95% confidence interval.

Luna
County
New Mexico United States Luna/NM comparison * Luna/US comparison * 10-year trend
Life expectancy at birth 76.6 78.6 78.8 lower lower no trend
Life expectancy at age 65 18.6 20.4 19.3 lower lower no trend
Years of potential life lost (per 100,000 residents) 1 8,036 7,716 6,601 higher higher no trend
Overall mortality rate (per 100,000) 881 736 824 higher similar no trend
Infant mortality (per 1,000 live births) 3.0 5.6 6.0 lower lower -
% Infants with low birthweight (<2500 g) 8.0% 9.0% 8.0% similar similar no trend
% Pre-term births (<37 weeks) 8.0% 9.0% 9.5% similar lower -4.1%
Data Sources: New Mexico Vital Records (2013-2015).
1 Years of potential life lost (YPLL) is a measure of premature mortality. It refers to the average number of years a person would have lived if he or she had not died before the age of 75. YPLL per 100,000 residents is shown.
* County-level values represent the average of a range of likely values (defined here by 95% confidence intervals). State and national averages are compared to county-level values using these confidence intervals. 'Similar' indicates that the state or national averages fall within the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Higher' indicates that state or national averages fall below the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Lower' indicates that state or national averages are above the county-level 95% confidence interval.


Age-adjusted incidence rate per 100,000 residents, except as noted

Luna
County
New Mexico United States Luna/NM comparison * Luna/US comparison * 10-year trend
Bladder cancer 19.8 15.1 20.1 similar similar no trend
Brain & other nervous system cancer 8.5 5.1 6.4 similar similar no trend
Breast cancer 95.9 133.8 125.0 lower lower no trend
Esophageal cancer 5.5 3.6 4.3 similar similar no trend
Kidney cancer 9.3 14.1 15.6 similar lower no trend
Laryngeal cancer 5.5 2.5 3.2 similar similar +217.3%
Leukemia 8.3 5.9 13.5 similar similar no trend
Liver cancer 8.6 9.6 8.4 similar similar +40.7%
Lung cancer 44.2 39.8 57.3 similar lower no trend
Melanoma 11.1 14.6 21.8 similar lower no trend
Mesothelioma 0.8 0.8 0.9 similar similar no trend
Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma 19.5 16.0 19.5 similar similar no trend
Oral & pharyngeal cancer 10.0 9.0 11.1 similar similar no trend
Pancreatic cancer 10.8 10.8 12.4 similar similar no trend
Thyroid cancer 9.8 15.7 13.9 similar similar no trend
% Population ever diagnosed with cancer (excluding melanoma) 1 4.3% 5.9% 6.7% similar similar no trend
Data Sources for incidence rates: New Mexico Tumor Registry (2012-2014)
1 Prevalence of cancer (excluding melanoma) for people surveyed by BRFSS from 2011-2015. BRFSS
* County-level values represent the average of a range of likely values (defined here by 95% confidence intervals). State and national averages are compared to county-level values using these confidence intervals. 'Similar' indicates that the state or national averages fall within the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Higher' indicates that state or national averages fall below the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Lower' indicates that state or national averages are above the county-level 95% confidence interval.

Luna
County
New Mexico United States Luna/NM comparison * Luna/US comparison * 10-year trend
% Children under age 6 tested for elevated blood lead 12.1% 8.7% - higher - +21.7%
% Children under age 6 tested with blood levels >10 ug/dl 0.6% 0.2% - higher - +65.4%
Carbon monoxide poisoning hospital admissions (rate per 10,000 residents) 12.1 10.2 - similar - no trend
Carbon monoxide poisoning emergency dept visits (rate per 10,000 residents) 10.5 10.2 - similar - -7.2%
Carbon monoxide exposure calls (rate per 10,000 residents) 3.0 8.5 - lower - -11.1%
Data Sources: NM EPHT (2013-2015).
* County-level values represent the average of a range of likely values (defined here by 95% confidence intervals). State and national averages are compared to county-level values using these confidence intervals. 'Similar' indicates that the state or national averages fall within the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Higher' indicates that state or national averages fall below the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Lower' indicates that state or national averages are above the county-level 95% confidence interval.

Luna
County
New Mexico United States Luna/NM comparison * Luna/US comparison * 10-year trend
Asthma hospital admissions (rate per 10,000 residents) 7.7 8.7 - similar - -10.1%
Asthma emergency dept visits (rate per 10,000 residents) 44.0 44.1 - similar - -
Asthma prevalence (% residents with current diagnosis) 5.7% 9.5% 9.0% similar similar no trend
COPD hospital admissions (rate per 10,000 residents) 23.8 9.2 - higher - -7.2%
COPD prevalence (% residents with current diagnosis) 1 7.4% 5.7% 6.3% similar similar no trend
Diabetes prevalence (% residents with current diagnosis) 2 12.9% 10.1% 9.8% similar similar no trend
Heart attack hospital admissions (rate per 10,000 residents) 15.9 12.2 - higher - -8.6%
Heat stress related emergency dept visits (rate per 10,000 residents) 23.1 12.8 - similar - no trend
Data Sources: 1 NM EPHT (2012-2014); 2 BRFSS (2011-2015).
* County-level values represent the average of a range of likely values (defined here by 95% confidence intervals). State and national averages are compared to county-level values using these confidence intervals. 'Similar' indicates that the state or national averages fall within the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Higher' indicates that state or national averages fall below the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Lower' indicates that state or national averages are above the county-level 95% confidence interval.
Luna
County
*PM2.5 average annual concentration (mcg/m 3 ) -- LURBME model 7.6
PM2.5 average annual days over NAAQS No monitor
Ozone average annual days over NAAQS 0
Data Sources: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Environmental Public Health Tracking Network. Annual PM 2.5 Level (Monitor + Modeled). Accessed From Environmental Public Health Tracking Network: www.cdc.gov/ephtracking.
* EPA NAAQS for annual average PM2.5 concentration is 12 mcg/m 3 .

Type Site Name EPA Webpage for Site
Brownfield 106 W. Aztec Site URL
Brownfield Tulip Landfill Site URL
Data Sources: US EPA (2017). Some of these pages may be restricted and not available to the public. We have utilized the URLs provided by the EPA.


% of Private Wells Tested that Exceeded MCLs1 for:

Uranium Nitrate Arsenic
10.5%1.8%8.7%
Testing Years: Uranium (1981-2016); Arsenic (1976-2015); Nitrate (2004-2012).
Only a minority of private wells in each county have been tested for these constituents. Therefore, these percentages only refer to wells that have been sampled and may not be representative of the county as a whole.
1 MCL (Maximum Contaminant Level): standard set by EPA for drinking water quality.
Water System Contaminant Average level MCL 1 Number of
people served
Columbus Water System Arsenic (ug/L) 3.70 10 1,760
Columbus Water System Atrazine (ug/L) 0.25 10 1,760
Columbus Water System Di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) (ug/L) 0.30 6 1,760
Columbus Water System Haloacetic acid (ug/L) 0.10 3 1,760
Columbus Water System Radium (pCi/L) 0.25 5 1,760
Columbus Water System Tetrachloroethylene (ug/L) 0.45 80 1,760
Columbus Water System Trichloroethylene (ug/L) 0.25 5 1,760
Columbus Water System Trihalomethane (ug/L) 3.00 30 1,760
Columbus Water System Uranium (ug/L) 0.50 5 1,760
Peoples Water Coop Arsenic (ug/L) 3.70 10 80
Peoples Water Coop Atrazine (ug/L) 0.58 10 80
Peoples Water Coop Di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) (ug/L) 0.30 6 80
Peoples Water Coop Haloacetic acid (ug/L) 0.10 3 80
Peoples Water Coop Radium (pCi/L) 0.25 5 80
Peoples Water Coop Tetrachloroethylene (ug/L) 0.53 80 80
Peoples Water Coop Trichloroethylene (ug/L) 0.25 5 80
Peoples Water Coop Trihalomethane (ug/L) 3.00 30 80
Peoples Water Coop Uranium (ug/L) 0.04 5 80
Data Sources: NM EPHT (2015).
1 MCL (Maximum Contaminant Level): standard set by EPA for drinking water quality.
Luna
County
New Mexico United States Luna/NM comparison * Luna/US comparison * 10-year trend
% Population with BMI >30 30.6% 27.7% 28.9% similar similar no trend
% Population that currently smokes 21.0% 19.7% 17.5% similar similar no trend
Data Sources: BRFSS (2011-2015)
* County-level values represent the average of a range of likely values (defined here by 95% confidence intervals). State and national averages are compared to county-level values using these confidence intervals. 'Similar' indicates that the state or national averages fall within the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Higher' indicates that state or national averages fall below the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Lower' indicates that state or national averages are above the county-level 95% confidence interval.


This information was curated and analyzed for your public health planning by NM EPHT, a program of the New Mexico Department of Health. Want to learn more about integrating environmental and health information into your community? We are here to help. Contact us:

New Mexico Environmental Public Health Tracking
URL: https://nmtracking.org/
Email: doh-eheb@state.nm.us
Phone (toll-free): 1-888-878-8992


  • 10-year trends are determined using linear regression. Percentages can be interpreted as the rate of change over the most recent decade. For example, +2.5% indicates a rate of increase of 2.5% per decade, and -2.5% indicates a 2.5% rate of decrease per decade. Trends that were not statistically significant (p>0.05) appear as 'no trend'.
The NM EPHT Web site is supported by Cooperative Agreement Number 5 U38EH000949 from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Its contents are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official views of CDC. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Fri, 22 September 2017 12:52:51 from New Mexico EPHT Tracking Public Web site: https://nmtracking.org/ ".

Content updated: Fri, 9 Jun 2017 09:26:33 MDT