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Otero County Environmental Health Profile

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    Communities
  • Alamogordo
  • Chaparral
  • Holloman AFB
  • Tularosa

  • La Luz
  • Boles Acres
  • Mescalero
  • Cloudcroft
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Otero County New Mexico
County seat Alamogordo -
Population (July 1, 2015) 64,656 2,099,856
% New Mexico population 3.1% 100%
Land area (sq. miles) 6,613 121,298
Persons per sq. mile (2015) 9.8 17.3
Resident live births (2015) 940 25,730
Deaths of NM residents (2015) 608 17,687
No. households (2011-2015) 30,967 909,565


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Otero
County
New Mexico United States Otero/NM
comparison *
Otero/US
comparison *
10-year trend
% under age 5 7.1% 6.6% 6.3% higher higher -0.4%
% under age 18 23.6% 24.3% 23.3% lower higher -1.1%
% Age 65 or older 16.8% 14.7% 14.1% higher higher +2.0%
% Age 75 or older 7.3% 6.2% 6.2% higher higher +2.5%
% Hispanic 37.4% 47.4% 17.1% lower higher +1.2%
% White 50.7% 39.2% 62.3% higher lower -0.8%
% American Indian 6.2% 8.5% 0.7% lower higher +0.6%
% Black 3.9% 1.8% 12.3% higher lower +0.3%
% Asian 1.7% 1.3% 5.2% higher lower +1.8%
* County-level values represent the average of a range of likely values (defined here by 95% confidence intervals). State and national averages are compared to county-level values using these confidence intervals. 'Similar' indicates that the state or national averages fall within the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Higher' indicates that state or national averages fall below the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Lower' indicates that state or national averages are above the county-level 95% confidence interval.

Otero
County
New Mexico United States Otero/NM
comparison *
Otero/US
comparison *
10-year trend
Median income $39,775 $44,963 $53,889 lower lower -
% in poverty 23.1% 21.0% 15.5% similar higher -
% Children under 5 in poverty 40.0% 34.0% 23.0% similar higher -
% Children under 18 in poverty 34.1% 29.4% 21.7% similar higher -
% Adults over 65 in poverty 11.8% 12.0% 9.4% similar similar -
% Unemployment 12.7% 5.4% 8.3% higher higher -
% High school diploma or higher 83.0% 84.2% 86.7% lower lower -
% Bachelors or higher 16.4% 26.3% 29.8% lower lower -
% Speaking English less than well 11.2% 26.1% 8.6% lower higher -
% Disabled 17.6% 14.6% 12.4% higher higher -
% with no health insurance 15.8% 16.4% 13.0% similar higher -
% Homes built before 1950 6.0% 9.2% 18.4% lower lower -
% Homes built before 1980 49.5% 47.5% 55.8% higher lower -
Data Sources: US Census American Community Survey (2011-2015).
* County-level values represent the average of a range of likely values (defined here by 95% confidence intervals). State and national averages are compared to county-level values using these confidence intervals. 'Similar' indicates that the state or national averages fall within the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Higher' indicates that state or national averages fall below the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Lower' indicates that state or national averages are above the county-level 95% confidence interval.

Otero
County
New Mexico United States Otero/NM comparison * Otero/US comparison * 10-year trend
Life expectancy at birth 78.0 78.6 78.8 lower lower no trend
Life expectancy at age 65 20.1 20.4 19.3 lower higher +0.5%
Years of potential life lost (per 100,000 residents) 1 7,888 7,716 6,601 higher higher +1.7%
Overall mortality rate (per 100,000) 771 736 824 similar lower no trend
Infant mortality (per 1,000 live births) 4.7 5.6 6.0 similar similar no trend
% Infants with low birthweight (<2500 g) 8.0% 9.0% 8.0% similar similar no trend
% Pre-term births (<37 weeks) 8.0% 9.0% 9.5% similar lower no trend
Data Sources: New Mexico Vital Records (2013-2015).
1 Years of potential life lost (YPLL) is a measure of premature mortality. It refers to the average number of years a person would have lived if he or she had not died before the age of 75. YPLL per 100,000 residents is shown.
* County-level values represent the average of a range of likely values (defined here by 95% confidence intervals). State and national averages are compared to county-level values using these confidence intervals. 'Similar' indicates that the state or national averages fall within the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Higher' indicates that state or national averages fall below the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Lower' indicates that state or national averages are above the county-level 95% confidence interval.


Age-adjusted incidence rate per 100,000 residents, except as noted

Otero
County
New Mexico United States Otero/NM comparison * Otero/US comparison * 10-year trend
Bladder cancer 21.0 15.1 20.1 higher similar no trend
Brain & other nervous system cancer 6.2 5.1 6.4 similar similar no trend
Breast cancer 154.2 133.8 125.0 similar higher no trend
Esophageal cancer 2.9 3.6 4.3 similar similar no trend
Kidney cancer 17.4 14.1 15.6 similar similar no trend
Laryngeal cancer 2.6 2.5 3.2 similar similar no trend
Leukemia 8.1 5.9 13.5 similar lower +19.6%
Liver cancer 11.3 9.6 8.4 similar similar no trend
Lung cancer 57.3 39.8 57.3 higher similar no trend
Melanoma 13.7 14.6 21.8 similar lower no trend
Mesothelioma 0.0 0.8 0.9 similar similar -13.6%
Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma 20.4 16.0 19.5 similar similar no trend
Oral & pharyngeal cancer 10.2 9.0 11.1 similar similar -3.8%
Pancreatic cancer 12.6 10.8 12.4 similar similar no trend
Thyroid cancer 13.9 15.7 13.9 similar similar +11.8%
% Population ever diagnosed with cancer (excluding melanoma) 1 7.8% 5.9% 6.7% higher similar no trend
Data Sources for incidence rates: New Mexico Tumor Registry (2012-2014)
1 Prevalence of cancer (excluding melanoma) for people surveyed by BRFSS from 2011-2015. BRFSS
* County-level values represent the average of a range of likely values (defined here by 95% confidence intervals). State and national averages are compared to county-level values using these confidence intervals. 'Similar' indicates that the state or national averages fall within the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Higher' indicates that state or national averages fall below the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Lower' indicates that state or national averages are above the county-level 95% confidence interval.

Otero
County
New Mexico United States Otero/NM comparison * Otero/US comparison * 10-year trend
% Children under age 6 tested for elevated blood lead 6.2% 8.7% - similar - +46.8%
% Children under age 6 tested with blood levels >10 ug/dl 0.2% 0.2% - higher - no trend
Carbon monoxide poisoning hospital admissions (rate per 10,000 residents) 3.3 10.2 - lower - no trend
Carbon monoxide poisoning emergency dept visits (rate per 10,000 residents) 11.9 10.2 - similar - no trend
Carbon monoxide exposure calls (rate per 10,000 residents) 0.0 8.5 - lower - -9.3%
Data Sources: NM EPHT (2013-2015).
* County-level values represent the average of a range of likely values (defined here by 95% confidence intervals). State and national averages are compared to county-level values using these confidence intervals. 'Similar' indicates that the state or national averages fall within the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Higher' indicates that state or national averages fall below the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Lower' indicates that state or national averages are above the county-level 95% confidence interval.

Otero
County
New Mexico United States Otero/NM comparison * Otero/US comparison * 10-year trend
Asthma hospital admissions (rate per 10,000 residents) 5.1 8.7 - lower - -8.5%
Asthma emergency dept visits (rate per 10,000 residents) 51.7 44.1 - higher - -
Asthma prevalence (% residents with current diagnosis) 10.3% 9.5% 9.0% similar similar no trend
COPD hospital admissions (rate per 10,000 residents) 7.7 9.2 - similar - -7.7%
COPD prevalence (% residents with current diagnosis) 1 8.2% 5.7% 6.3% higher higher no trend
Diabetes prevalence (% residents with current diagnosis) 2 9.7% 10.1% 9.8% similar similar no trend
Heart attack hospital admissions (rate per 10,000 residents) 15.8 12.2 - higher - -8.8%
Heat stress related emergency dept visits (rate per 10,000 residents) 18.2 12.8 - similar - no trend
Data Sources: 1 NM EPHT (2012-2014); 2 BRFSS (2011-2015).
* County-level values represent the average of a range of likely values (defined here by 95% confidence intervals). State and national averages are compared to county-level values using these confidence intervals. 'Similar' indicates that the state or national averages fall within the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Higher' indicates that state or national averages fall below the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Lower' indicates that state or national averages are above the county-level 95% confidence interval.
Otero
County
*PM2.5 average annual concentration (mcg/m 3 ) -- LURBME model 7.4
PM2.5 average annual days over NAAQS No monitor
Ozone average annual days over NAAQS No monitor
Data Sources: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Environmental Public Health Tracking Network. Annual PM 2.5 Level (Monitor + Modeled). Accessed From Environmental Public Health Tracking Network: www.cdc.gov/ephtracking.
* EPA NAAQS for annual average PM2.5 concentration is 12 mcg/m 3 .

Type Site Name EPA Webpage for Site
Brownfield House Municipal School District Property Site URL
Data Sources: US EPA (2017). Some of these pages may be restricted and not available to the public. We have utilized the URLs provided by the EPA.


% of Private Wells Tested that Exceeded MCLs1 for:

Uranium Nitrate Arsenic
9.5%1.7%3.0%
Testing Years: Uranium (1981-2016); Arsenic (1976-2015); Nitrate (2004-2012).
Only a minority of private wells in each county have been tested for these constituents. Therefore, these percentages only refer to wells that have been sampled and may not be representative of the county as a whole.
1 MCL (Maximum Contaminant Level): standard set by EPA for drinking water quality.
Water System Contaminant Average level MCL 1 Number of
people served
Alamogordo Domestic Water System Arsenic (ug/L) 0.50 10 38,500
Alamogordo Domestic Water System Atrazine (ug/L) 1.15 10 38,500
Alamogordo Domestic Water System Di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) (ug/L) 0.30 6 38,500
Alamogordo Domestic Water System Haloacetic acid (ug/L) 0.10 3 38,500
Alamogordo Domestic Water System Radium (pCi/L) 0.25 5 38,500
Alamogordo Domestic Water System Tetrachloroethylene (ug/L) 33.00 80 38,500
Alamogordo Domestic Water System Trichloroethylene (ug/L) 0.25 5 38,500
Alamogordo Domestic Water System Trihalomethane (ug/L) 4.00 30 38,500
Alamogordo Domestic Water System Uranium (ug/L) 0.13 5 38,500
Boles Acres Water System Arsenic (ug/L) 2.50 10 780
Boles Acres Water System Atrazine (ug/L) 2.55 10 780
Boles Acres Water System Di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) (ug/L) 0.30 6 780
Boles Acres Water System Haloacetic acid (ug/L) 0.10 3 780
Boles Acres Water System Radium (pCi/L) 0.25 5 780
Boles Acres Water System Tetrachloroethylene (ug/L) 0.78 80 780
Boles Acres Water System Trichloroethylene (ug/L) 0.25 5 780
Boles Acres Water System Trihalomethane (ug/L) 3.50 30 780
Boles Acres Water System Uranium (ug/L) 0.31 5 780
Cloud Country West Water System Arsenic (ug/L) 0.50 10 200
Cloud Country West Water System Atrazine (ug/L) 0.25 10 200
Cloud Country West Water System Di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) (ug/L) 0.30 6 200
Cloud Country West Water System Haloacetic acid (ug/L) 0.05 3 200
Cloud Country West Water System Radium (pCi/L) 0.25 5 200
Cloud Country West Water System Tetrachloroethylene (ug/L) 0.62 80 200
Cloud Country West Water System Trichloroethylene (ug/L) 0.25 5 200
Cloud Country West Water System Trihalomethane (ug/L) 1.00 30 200
Cloud Country West Water System Uranium (ug/L) 0.14 5 200
Cloudcroft Water System Arsenic (ug/L) 0.50 10 1,475
Cloudcroft Water System Atrazine (ug/L) 0.80 10 1,475
Cloudcroft Water System Di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) (ug/L) 0.30 6 1,475
Cloudcroft Water System Haloacetic acid (ug/L) 0.10 3 1,475
Cloudcroft Water System Radium (pCi/L) 0.25 5 1,475
Cloudcroft Water System Tetrachloroethylene (ug/L) 9.68 80 1,475
Cloudcroft Water System Trichloroethylene (ug/L) 0.25 5 1,475
Cloudcroft Water System Trihalomethane (ug/L) 1.00 30 1,475
Cloudcroft Water System Uranium (ug/L) 0.20 5 1,475
High Rolls Community Water Users Coop Arsenic (ug/L) 0.50 10 300
High Rolls Community Water Users Coop Atrazine (ug/L) 0.25 10 300
High Rolls Community Water Users Coop Di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) (ug/L) 0.30 6 300
High Rolls Community Water Users Coop Haloacetic acid (ug/L) 0.10 3 300
High Rolls Community Water Users Coop Radium (pCi/L) 0.25 5 300
High Rolls Community Water Users Coop Tetrachloroethylene (ug/L) 13.00 80 300
High Rolls Community Water Users Coop Trichloroethylene (ug/L) 0.25 5 300
High Rolls Community Water Users Coop Trihalomethane (ug/L) 0.00 30 300
High Rolls Community Water Users Coop Uranium (ug/L) 0.41 5 300
Karr Canyon Estates Arsenic (ug/L) 0.50 10 100
Karr Canyon Estates Atrazine (ug/L) 0.25 10 100
Karr Canyon Estates Di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) (ug/L) 0.02 6 100
Karr Canyon Estates Haloacetic acid (ug/L) 0.02 3 100
Karr Canyon Estates Radium (pCi/L) 0.25 5 100
Karr Canyon Estates Tetrachloroethylene (ug/L) 2.00 80 100
Karr Canyon Estates Trichloroethylene (ug/L) 0.25 5 100
Karr Canyon Estates Trihalomethane (ug/L) 1.00 30 100
Karr Canyon Estates Uranium (ug/L) 0.50 5 100
La Luz MDWCA Arsenic (ug/L) 1.30 10 2,500
La Luz MDWCA Atrazine (ug/L) 0.86 10 2,500
La Luz MDWCA Di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) (ug/L) 0.30 6 2,500
La Luz MDWCA Haloacetic acid (ug/L) 0.10 3 2,500
La Luz MDWCA Radium (pCi/L) 0.25 5 2,500
La Luz MDWCA Tetrachloroethylene (ug/L) 23.75 80 2,500
La Luz MDWCA Trichloroethylene (ug/L) 0.25 5 2,500
La Luz MDWCA Trihalomethane (ug/L) 2.00 30 2,500
La Luz MDWCA Uranium (ug/L) 0.08 5 2,500
Low Mesa WUA Arsenic (ug/L) 1.00 10 37
Low Mesa WUA Atrazine (ug/L) 0.50 10 37
Low Mesa WUA Di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) (ug/L) 0.02 6 37
Low Mesa WUA Haloacetic acid (ug/L) 0.02 3 37
Low Mesa WUA Radium (pCi/L) 0.25 5 37
Low Mesa WUA Tetrachloroethylene (ug/L) 0.35 80 37
Low Mesa WUA Trichloroethylene (ug/L) 0.25 5 37
Low Mesa WUA Trihalomethane (ug/L) 4.00 30 37
Low Mesa WUA Uranium (ug/L) 0.11 5 37
Mayhill Water Supply Company Arsenic (ug/L) 0.50 10 80
Mayhill Water Supply Company Atrazine (ug/L) 0.25 10 80
Mayhill Water Supply Company Di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) (ug/L) 0.30 6 80
Mayhill Water Supply Company Haloacetic acid (ug/L) 0.10 3 80
Mayhill Water Supply Company Radium (pCi/L) 0.25 5 80
Mayhill Water Supply Company Tetrachloroethylene (ug/L) 0.00 80 80
Mayhill Water Supply Company Trichloroethylene (ug/L) 0.25 5 80
Mayhill Water Supply Company Trihalomethane (ug/L) 1.00 30 80
Mayhill Water Supply Company Uranium (ug/L) 0.14 5 80
Orogrande MDWCA Arsenic (ug/L) 6.46 10 60
Orogrande MDWCA Atrazine (ug/L) 1.08 10 60
Orogrande MDWCA Di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) (ug/L) 0.30 6 60
Orogrande MDWCA Haloacetic acid (ug/L) 0.10 3 60
Orogrande MDWCA Radium (pCi/L) 0.25 5 60
Orogrande MDWCA Tetrachloroethylene (ug/L) 4.50 80 60
Orogrande MDWCA Trichloroethylene (ug/L) 0.25 5 60
Orogrande MDWCA Trihalomethane (ug/L) 0.50 30 60
Orogrande MDWCA Uranium (ug/L) 0.36 5 60
Pete Ragan Memorial WUA Arsenic (ug/L) 0.50 10 150
Pete Ragan Memorial WUA Atrazine (ug/L) 0.44 10 150
Pete Ragan Memorial WUA Di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) (ug/L) 0.30 6 150
Pete Ragan Memorial WUA Haloacetic acid (ug/L) 0.05 3 150
Pete Ragan Memorial WUA Radium (pCi/L) 0.25 5 150
Pete Ragan Memorial WUA Tetrachloroethylene (ug/L) 2.50 80 150
Pete Ragan Memorial WUA Trichloroethylene (ug/L) 0.25 5 150
Pete Ragan Memorial WUA Trihalomethane (ug/L) 1.50 30 150
Pete Ragan Memorial WUA Uranium (ug/L) 0.21 5 150
Ponderosa Pines Property Owners Assoc Arsenic (ug/L) 0.50 10 100
Ponderosa Pines Property Owners Assoc Atrazine (ug/L) 0.56 10 100
Ponderosa Pines Property Owners Assoc Di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) (ug/L) 0.30 6 100
Ponderosa Pines Property Owners Assoc Haloacetic acid (ug/L) 0.10 3 100
Ponderosa Pines Property Owners Assoc Radium (pCi/L) 0.25 5 100
Ponderosa Pines Property Owners Assoc Tetrachloroethylene (ug/L) 0.25 80 100
Ponderosa Pines Property Owners Assoc Trichloroethylene (ug/L) 0.25 5 100
Ponderosa Pines Property Owners Assoc Trihalomethane (ug/L) 1.00 30 100
Ponderosa Pines Property Owners Assoc Uranium (ug/L) 0.30 5 100
Silver Cloud Water Association Arsenic (ug/L) 0.50 10 100
Silver Cloud Water Association Atrazine (ug/L) 2.10 10 100
Silver Cloud Water Association Di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) (ug/L) 0.30 6 100
Silver Cloud Water Association Haloacetic acid (ug/L) 0.10 3 100
Silver Cloud Water Association Radium (pCi/L) 0.25 5 100
Silver Cloud Water Association Tetrachloroethylene (ug/L) 0.25 80 100
Silver Cloud Water Association Trichloroethylene (ug/L) 0.25 5 100
Silver Cloud Water Association Trihalomethane (ug/L) 1.00 30 100
Silver Cloud Water Association Uranium (ug/L) 0.14 5 100
Tularosa Water System Arsenic (ug/L) 0.50 10 2,840
Tularosa Water System Atrazine (ug/L) 0.25 10 2,840
Tularosa Water System Di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) (ug/L) 0.30 6 2,840
Tularosa Water System Haloacetic acid (ug/L) 0.10 3 2,840
Tularosa Water System Radium (pCi/L) 0.25 5 2,840
Tularosa Water System Tetrachloroethylene (ug/L) 61.59 80 2,840
Tularosa Water System Trichloroethylene (ug/L) 0.25 5 2,840
Tularosa Water System Trihalomethane (ug/L) 2.00 30 2,840
Tularosa Water System Uranium (ug/L) 0.08 5 2,840
Weed Water Users Association Arsenic (ug/L) 0.50 10 30
Weed Water Users Association Atrazine (ug/L) 0.80 10 30
Weed Water Users Association Di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) (ug/L) 0.30 6 30
Weed Water Users Association Haloacetic acid (ug/L) 0.10 3 30
Weed Water Users Association Radium (pCi/L) 0.25 5 30
Weed Water Users Association Tetrachloroethylene (ug/L) 13.00 80 30
Weed Water Users Association Trichloroethylene (ug/L) 0.25 5 30
Weed Water Users Association Trihalomethane (ug/L) 1.00 30 30
Weed Water Users Association Uranium (ug/L) 0.50 5 30
Data Sources: NM EPHT (2015).
1 MCL (Maximum Contaminant Level): standard set by EPA for drinking water quality.
Otero
County
New Mexico United States Otero/NM comparison * Otero/US comparison * 10-year trend
% Population with BMI >30 28.7% 27.7% 28.9% similar similar no trend
% Population that currently smokes 23.4% 19.7% 17.5% similar higher -
Data Sources: BRFSS (2011-2015)
* County-level values represent the average of a range of likely values (defined here by 95% confidence intervals). State and national averages are compared to county-level values using these confidence intervals. 'Similar' indicates that the state or national averages fall within the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Higher' indicates that state or national averages fall below the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Lower' indicates that state or national averages are above the county-level 95% confidence interval.


This information was curated and analyzed for your public health planning by NM EPHT, a program of the New Mexico Department of Health. Want to learn more about integrating environmental and health information into your community? We are here to help. Contact us:

New Mexico Environmental Public Health Tracking
URL: https://nmtracking.org/
Email: doh-eheb@state.nm.us
Phone (toll-free): 1-888-878-8992


  • 10-year trends are determined using linear regression. Percentages can be interpreted as the rate of change over the most recent decade. For example, +2.5% indicates a rate of increase of 2.5% per decade, and -2.5% indicates a 2.5% rate of decrease per decade. Trends that were not statistically significant (p>0.05) appear as 'no trend'.
The NM EPHT Web site is supported by Cooperative Agreement Number 5 U38EH000949 from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Its contents are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official views of CDC. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Fri, 22 September 2017 12:59:05 from New Mexico EPHT Tracking Public Web site: https://nmtracking.org/ ".

Content updated: Fri, 9 Jun 2017 09:26:33 MDT