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Chaves County Environmental Health Profile

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Chaves County New Mexico
County seat Roswell -
Population (July 1, 2015) 66,168 2,099,856
% New Mexico population 3.2% 100%
Land area (sq. miles) 6,065 121,298
Persons per sq. mile (2015) 10.9 17.3
Resident live births (2015) 931 25,730
Deaths of NM residents (2015) 614 17,687
No. households (2011-2015) 26,709 909,565


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Chaves
County
New Mexico United States Bernalillo/NM
comparison *
Bernalillo/US
comparison *
10-year trend
% under age 5 7.1% 6.6% 6.3% higher higher -0.8%
% under age 18 27.0% 24.3% 23.3% higher higher -0.6%
% Age 65 or older 14.9% 14.7% 14.1% higher higher no trend
% Age 75 or older 6.6% 6.2% 6.2% higher higher -0.7%
% Hispanic 55.4% 47.4% 17.1% higher higher +1.5%
% White 40.9% 39.2% 62.3% higher lower -1.6%
% American Indian 1.0% 8.5% 0.7% lower higher +1.4%
% Black 1.8% 1.8% 12.3% higher lower -0.5%
% Asian 0.9% 1.3% 5.2% lower lower +5.5%
* County-level values represent the average of a range of likely values (defined here by 95% confidence intervals). State and national averages are compared to county-level values using these confidence intervals. 'Similar' indicates that the state or national averages fall within the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Higher' indicates that state or national averages fall below the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Lower' indicates that state or national averages are above the county-level 95% confidence interval.

Chaves
County
New Mexico United States Chaves/NM
comparison *
Chaves/US
comparison *
10-year trend
Median income $40,630 $44,963 $53,889 lower lower -
% in poverty 21.9% 21.0% 15.5% similar higher -
% Children under 5 in poverty 36.0% 34.0% 23.0% similar higher -
% Children under 18 in poverty 32.7% 29.4% 21.7% similar higher -
% Adults over 65 in poverty 13.4% 12.0% 9.4% similar higher -
% Unemployment 7.6% 5.4% 8.3% higher similar -
% High school diploma or higher 78.1% 84.2% 86.7% lower lower -
% Bachelors or higher 18.1% 26.3% 29.8% lower lower -
% Speaking English less than well 11.5% 26.1% 8.6% lower higher -
% Disabled 16.8% 14.6% 12.4% higher higher -
% with no health insurance 17.2% 16.4% 13.0% similar higher -
% Homes built before 1950 16.4% 9.2% 18.4% higher lower -
% Homes built before 1980 67.9% 47.5% 55.8% higher higher -
Data Sources: US Census American Community Survey (2011-2015).
* County-level values represent the average of a range of likely values (defined here by 95% confidence intervals). State and national averages are compared to county-level values using these confidence intervals. 'Similar' indicates that the state or national averages fall within the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Higher' indicates that state or national averages fall below the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Lower' indicates that state or national averages are above the county-level 95% confidence interval.

Chaves
County
New Mexico United States Chaves/NM comparison * Chaves/US comparison * 10-year trend
Life expectancy at birth 76.6 78.6 78.8 lower lower no trend
Life expectancy at age 65 18.9 20.4 19.3 lower lower no trend
Years of potential life lost (per 100,000 residents) 1 8,420 7,716 6,601 higher higher no trend
Overall mortality rate (per 100,000) 854 736 824 higher similar no trend
Infant mortality (per 1,000 live births) 5.2 5.6 6.0 similar similar no trend
% Infants with low birthweight (<2500 g) 8.0% 9.0% 8.0% similar similar no trend
% Pre-term births (<37 weeks) 10.0% 9.0% 9.5% similar similar no trend
Data Sources: New Mexico Vital Records (2013-2015).
1 Years of potential life lost (YPLL) is a measure of premature mortality. It refers to the average number of years a person would have lived if he or she had not died before the age of 75. YPLL per 100,000 residents is shown.
* County-level values represent the average of a range of likely values (defined here by 95% confidence intervals). State and national averages are compared to county-level values using these confidence intervals. 'Similar' indicates that the state or national averages fall within the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Higher' indicates that state or national averages fall below the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Lower' indicates that state or national averages are above the county-level 95% confidence interval.


Age-adjusted incidence rate per 100,000 residents, except as noted

Chaves
County
New Mexico United States Chaves/NM comparison * Chaves/US comparison * 10-year trend
Bladder cancer 12.6 15.1 20.1 similar lower no trend
Brain & other nervous system cancer 5.2 5.1 6.4 similar similar no trend
Breast cancer 114.9 133.8 125.0 similar similar no trend
Esophageal cancer 3.2 3.6 4.3 similar similar no trend
Kidney cancer 17.5 14.1 15.6 similar similar no trend
Laryngeal cancer 2.4 2.5 3.2 similar similar no trend
Leukemia 4.9 5.9 13.5 similar lower -4.6%
Liver cancer 13.9 9.6 8.4 similar higher no trend
Lung cancer 52.7 39.8 57.3 higher similar -3.1%
Melanoma 11.2 14.6 21.8 similar lower -5.1%
Mesothelioma 0.5 0.8 0.9 similar similar no trend
Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma 16.8 16.0 19.5 similar similar no trend
Oral & pharyngeal cancer 13.6 9.0 11.1 similar similar no trend
Pancreatic cancer 8.0 10.8 12.4 similar lower no trend
Thyroid cancer 5.6 15.7 13.9 lower lower no trend
% Population ever diagnosed with cancer (excluding melanoma) 1 6.4% 5.9% 6.7% similar similar no trend
Data Sources for incidence rates: New Mexico Tumor Registry (2012-2014)
1 Prevalence of cancer (excluding melanoma) for people surveyed by BRFSS from 2011-2015. BRFSS
* County-level values represent the average of a range of likely values (defined here by 95% confidence intervals). State and national averages are compared to county-level values using these confidence intervals. 'Similar' indicates that the state or national averages fall within the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Higher' indicates that state or national averages fall below the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Lower' indicates that state or national averages are above the county-level 95% confidence interval.

Chaves
County
New Mexico United States Chaves/NM comparison * Chaves/US comparison * 10-year trend
% Children under age 6 tested for elevated blood lead 22.3% 8.7% - higher - +30.3%
% Children under age 6 tested with blood levels >10 ug/dl 0.2% 0.2% - lower - no trend
Carbon monoxide poisoning hospital admissions (rate per 10,000 residents) 6.2 10.2 - lower - no trend
Carbon monoxide poisoning emergency dept visits (rate per 10,000 residents) 5.8 10.2 - lower - no trend
Carbon monoxide exposure calls (rate per 10,000 residents) 2.2 8.5 - lower - -9.7%
Data Sources: NM EPHT (2013-2015).
* County-level values represent the average of a range of likely values (defined here by 95% confidence intervals). State and national averages are compared to county-level values using these confidence intervals. 'Similar' indicates that the state or national averages fall within the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Higher' indicates that state or national averages fall below the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Lower' indicates that state or national averages are above the county-level 95% confidence interval.

Chaves
County
New Mexico United States Chaves/NM comparison * Chaves/US comparison * 10-year trend
Asthma hospital admissions (rate per 10,000 residents) 11.6 8.7 - higher - no trend
Asthma emergency dept visits (rate per 10,000 residents) 82.4 44.1 - higher - -
Asthma prevalence (% residents with current diagnosis) 9.1% 9.5% 9.0% similar similar no trend
COPD hospital admissions (rate per 10,000 residents) 16.2 9.2 - higher - no trend
COPD prevalence (% residents with current diagnosis) 1 7.8% 5.7% 6.3% higher similar no trend
Diabetes prevalence (% residents with current diagnosis) 2 13.4% 10.1% 9.8% higher higher no trend
Heart attack hospital admissions (rate per 10,000 residents) 17.0 12.2 - higher - -7.0%
Heat stress related emergency dept visits (rate per 10,000 residents) 27.5 12.8 - higher - no trend
Data Sources: 1 NM EPHT (2012-2014); 2 BRFSS (2011-2015).
* County-level values represent the average of a range of likely values (defined here by 95% confidence intervals). State and national averages are compared to county-level values using these confidence intervals. 'Similar' indicates that the state or national averages fall within the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Higher' indicates that state or national averages fall below the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Lower' indicates that state or national averages are above the county-level 95% confidence interval.
Chaves
County
*PM2.5 average annual concentration (mcg/m 3 ) -- LURBME model 7.8
PM2.5 average annual days over NAAQS No monitor
Ozone average annual days over NAAQS No monitor
Data Sources: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Environmental Public Health Tracking Network. Annual PM 2.5 Level (Monitor + Modeled). Accessed From Environmental Public Health Tracking Network: www.cdc.gov/ephtracking.
* EPA NAAQS for annual average PM2.5 concentration is 12 mcg/m 3 .

Type Site Name EPA Webpage for Site
Superfund Homestake Mining Co. Site URL
Data Sources: US EPA (2017). Some of these pages may be restricted and not available to the public. We have utilized the URLs provided by the EPA.


% of Private Wells Tested that Exceeded MCLs1 for:

Uranium Nitrate Arsenic
0.0%13.0%0.0%
Testing Years: Uranium (1981-2016); Arsenic (1976-2015); Nitrate (2004-2012).
Only a minority of private wells in each county have been tested for these constituents. Therefore, these percentages only refer to wells that have been sampled and may not be representative of the county as a whole.
1 MCL (Maximum Contaminant Level): standard set by EPA for drinking water quality.
Water System Contaminant Average level MCL 1 Number of
people served
Cumberland Cooperative WUA Arsenic (ug/L) 0.50 10 583
Cumberland Cooperative WUA Atrazine (ug/L) 1.10 10 583
Cumberland Cooperative WUA Di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) (ug/L) 0.06 6 583
Cumberland Cooperative WUA Haloacetic acid (ug/L) 0.03 3 583
Cumberland Cooperative WUA Radium (pCi/L) 0.25 5 583
Cumberland Cooperative WUA Tetrachloroethylene (ug/L) 2.10 80 583
Cumberland Cooperative WUA Trichloroethylene (ug/L) 0.25 5 583
Cumberland Cooperative WUA Trihalomethane (ug/L) 1.00 30 583
Cumberland Cooperative WUA Uranium (ug/L) 0.20 5 583
Dexter Municipal Water System Arsenic (ug/L) 0.50 10 1,526
Dexter Municipal Water System Atrazine (ug/L) 0.25 10 1,526
Dexter Municipal Water System Di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) (ug/L) 0.30 6 1,526
Dexter Municipal Water System Haloacetic acid (ug/L) 0.10 3 1,526
Dexter Municipal Water System Radium (pCi/L) 0.25 5 1,526
Dexter Municipal Water System Tetrachloroethylene (ug/L) 2.55 80 1,526
Dexter Municipal Water System Trichloroethylene (ug/L) 0.25 5 1,526
Dexter Municipal Water System Trihalomethane (ug/L) 0.50 30 1,526
Dexter Municipal Water System Uranium (ug/L) 0.32 5 1,526
Fambrough MDWCA Arsenic (ug/L) 0.50 10 436
Fambrough MDWCA Atrazine (ug/L) 0.25 10 436
Fambrough MDWCA Di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) (ug/L) 0.06 6 436
Fambrough MDWCA Haloacetic acid (ug/L) 0.03 3 436
Fambrough MDWCA Radium (pCi/L) 0.25 5 436
Fambrough MDWCA Tetrachloroethylene (ug/L) 1.20 80 436
Fambrough MDWCA Trichloroethylene (ug/L) 0.25 5 436
Fambrough MDWCA Trihalomethane (ug/L) 1.00 30 436
Fambrough MDWCA Uranium (ug/L) 0.85 5 436
Greenfield MDWCA Arsenic (ug/L) 0.50 10 300
Greenfield MDWCA Atrazine (ug/L) 0.25 10 300
Greenfield MDWCA Di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) (ug/L) 0.30 6 300
Greenfield MDWCA Haloacetic acid (ug/L) 0.05 3 300
Greenfield MDWCA Radium (pCi/L) 0.25 5 300
Greenfield MDWCA Tetrachloroethylene (ug/L) 150.00 80 300
Greenfield MDWCA Trichloroethylene (ug/L) 0.25 5 300
Greenfield MDWCA Trihalomethane (ug/L) 1.00 30 300
Greenfield MDWCA Uranium (ug/L) 0.39 5 300
Hagerman Water System Arsenic (ug/L) 0.50 10 1,265
Hagerman Water System Atrazine (ug/L) 0.25 10 1,265
Hagerman Water System Di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) (ug/L) 0.06 6 1,265
Hagerman Water System Haloacetic acid (ug/L) 0.03 3 1,265
Hagerman Water System Radium (pCi/L) 0.25 5 1,265
Hagerman Water System Tetrachloroethylene (ug/L) 9.80 80 1,265
Hagerman Water System Trichloroethylene (ug/L) 0.25 5 1,265
Hagerman Water System Trihalomethane (ug/L) 1.00 30 1,265
Hagerman Water System Uranium (ug/L) 0.37 5 1,265
Lake Arthur Water Department Arsenic (ug/L) 0.50 10 492
Lake Arthur Water Department Atrazine (ug/L) 0.25 10 492
Lake Arthur Water Department Di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) (ug/L) 0.30 6 492
Lake Arthur Water Department Haloacetic acid (ug/L) 0.05 3 492
Lake Arthur Water Department Radium (pCi/L) 0.25 5 492
Lake Arthur Water Department Tetrachloroethylene (ug/L) 0.25 80 492
Lake Arthur Water Department Trichloroethylene (ug/L) 0.25 5 492
Lake Arthur Water Department Trihalomethane (ug/L) 1.00 30 492
Lake Arthur Water Department Uranium (ug/L) 0.51 5 492
Roswell Municipal Water System Arsenic (ug/L) 0.50 10 49,000
Roswell Municipal Water System Atrazine (ug/L) 2.00 10 49,000
Roswell Municipal Water System Di(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) (ug/L) 0.30 6 49,000
Roswell Municipal Water System Haloacetic acid (ug/L) 0.10 3 49,000
Roswell Municipal Water System Radium (pCi/L) 0.89 5 49,000
Roswell Municipal Water System Tetrachloroethylene (ug/L) 3.22 80 49,000
Roswell Municipal Water System Trichloroethylene (ug/L) 0.85 5 49,000
Roswell Municipal Water System Trihalomethane (ug/L) 1.69 30 49,000
Roswell Municipal Water System Uranium (ug/L) 0.31 5 49,000
Data Sources: NM EPHT (2015).
1 MCL (Maximum Contaminant Level): standard set by EPA for drinking water quality.
Chaves
County
New Mexico United States Chaves/NM comparison * Chaves/US comparison * 10-year trend
% Population with BMI >30 36.4% 27.7% 28.9% higher higher no trend
% Population that currently smokes 20.9% 19.7% 17.5% similar higher -
Data Sources: BRFSS (2011-2015)
* County-level values represent the average of a range of likely values (defined here by 95% confidence intervals). State and national averages are compared to county-level values using these confidence intervals. 'Similar' indicates that the state or national averages fall within the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Higher' indicates that state or national averages fall below the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Lower' indicates that state or national averages are above the county-level 95% confidence interval.


This information was curated and analyzed for your public health planning by NM EPHT, a program of the New Mexico Department of Health. Want to learn more about integrating environmental and health information into your community? We are here to help. Contact us:

New Mexico Environmental Public Health Tracking
URL: https://nmtracking.org/
Email: doh-eheb@state.nm.us
Phone (toll-free): 1-888-878-8992


  • 10-year trends are determined using linear regression. Percentages can be interpreted as the rate of change over the most recent decade. For example, +2.5% indicates a rate of increase of 2.5% per decade, and -2.5% indicates a 2.5% rate of decrease per decade. Trends that were not statistically significant (p>0.05) appear as 'no trend'.
The NM EPHT Web site is supported by Cooperative Agreement Number 5 U38EH000949 from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Its contents are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official views of CDC. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Fri, 22 September 2017 12:58:11 from New Mexico EPHT Tracking Public Web site: https://nmtracking.org/ ".

Content updated: Fri, 9 Jun 2017 09:26:33 MDT