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Union County Environmental Health Profile

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    Communities
  • Clayton
  • Des Moines
  • Folsom
  • Grenville
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Union County New Mexico
County seat Clayton -
Population (July 1, 2015) 4,370 2,099,856
% New Mexico population 0.2% 100%
Land area (sq. miles) 3,824 121,298
Persons per sq. mile (2015) 1.1 17.3
Resident live births (2015) 42 25,730
Deaths of NM residents (2015) 53 17,687
No. households (2011-2015) 2,299 909,565


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Union
County
New Mexico United States Union/NM
comparison *
Union/US
comparison *
10-year trend
% under age 5 4.3% 6.6% 6.3% lower lower -2.8%
% under age 18 18.1% 24.3% 23.3% lower lower -2.5%
% Age 65 or older 20.0% 14.7% 14.1% higher higher +1.5%
% Age 75 or older 9.3% 6.2% 6.2% higher higher +1.8%
% Hispanic 41.6% 47.4% 17.1% lower higher +1.0%
% White 54.5% 39.2% 62.3% higher lower -0.9%
% American Indian 1.2% 8.5% 0.7% lower higher +6.3%
% Black 2.1% 1.8% 12.3% higher lower +9.1%
% Asian 0.6% 1.3% 5.2% lower lower +3.4%
* County-level values represent the average of a range of likely values (defined here by 95% confidence intervals). State and national averages are compared to county-level values using these confidence intervals. 'Similar' indicates that the state or national averages fall within the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Higher' indicates that state or national averages fall below the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Lower' indicates that state or national averages are above the county-level 95% confidence interval.

Union
County
New Mexico United States Union/NM
comparison *
Union/US
comparison *
10-year trend
Median income $36,070 $44,963 $53,889 lower lower -
% in poverty 13.4% 21.0% 15.5% lower similar -
% Children under 5 in poverty 19.0% 34.0% 23.0% similar similar -
% Children under 18 in poverty 15.7% 29.4% 21.7% lower similar -
% Adults over 65 in poverty 10.4% 12.0% 9.4% similar similar -
% Unemployment 2.1% 5.4% 8.3% lower lower -
% High school diploma or higher 80.1% 84.2% 86.7% lower lower -
% Bachelors or higher 17.1% 26.3% 29.8% lower lower -
% Speaking English less than well 10.6% 26.1% 8.6% lower similar -
% Disabled 16.4% 14.6% 12.4% similar higher -
% with no health insurance 20.0% 16.4% 13.0% similar higher -
% Homes built before 1950 35.4% 9.2% 18.4% higher higher -
% Homes built before 1980 72.5% 47.5% 55.8% higher higher -
Data Sources: US Census American Community Survey (2011-2015).
* County-level values represent the average of a range of likely values (defined here by 95% confidence intervals). State and national averages are compared to county-level values using these confidence intervals. 'Similar' indicates that the state or national averages fall within the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Higher' indicates that state or national averages fall below the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Lower' indicates that state or national averages are above the county-level 95% confidence interval.

Union
County
New Mexico United States Union/NM comparison * Union/US comparison * 10-year trend
Life expectancy at birth 77.7 78.6 78.8 lower lower no trend
Life expectancy at age 65 19.9 20.4 19.3 lower higher no trend
Years of potential life lost (per 100,000 residents) 1 8,178 7,716 6,601 higher higher no trend
Overall mortality rate (per 100,000) 771 736 824 similar similar no trend
Infant mortality (per 1,000 live births) - 5.6 6.0 - - no trend
% Infants with low birthweight (<2500 g) 5.0% 9.0% 8.0% similar similar no trend
% Pre-term births (<37 weeks) 7.0% 9.0% 9.5% similar similar no trend
Data Sources: New Mexico Vital Records (2013-2015).
1 Years of potential life lost (YPLL) is a measure of premature mortality. It refers to the average number of years a person would have lived if he or she had not died before the age of 75. YPLL per 100,000 residents is shown.
* County-level values represent the average of a range of likely values (defined here by 95% confidence intervals). State and national averages are compared to county-level values using these confidence intervals. 'Similar' indicates that the state or national averages fall within the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Higher' indicates that state or national averages fall below the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Lower' indicates that state or national averages are above the county-level 95% confidence interval.


Age-adjusted incidence rate per 100,000 residents, except as noted

Union
County
New Mexico United States Union/NM comparison * Union/US comparison * 10-year trend
Bladder cancer 8.6 15.1 20.1 similar similar no trend
Brain & other nervous system cancer 11.5 5.1 6.4 similar similar no trend
Breast cancer 111.2 133.8 125.0 similar similar no trend
Esophageal cancer 5.2 3.6 4.3 similar similar no trend
Kidney cancer 15.0 14.1 15.6 similar similar no trend
Laryngeal cancer 0.0 2.5 3.2 similar similar no trend
Leukemia 6.2 5.9 13.5 similar similar no trend
Liver cancer 4.8 9.6 8.4 similar similar no trend
Lung cancer 41.7 39.8 57.3 similar similar no trend
Melanoma 6.2 14.6 21.8 similar lower no trend
Mesothelioma 0.0 0.8 0.9 similar similar no trend
Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma 10.5 16.0 19.5 similar similar no trend
Oral & pharyngeal cancer 5.1 9.0 11.1 similar similar no trend
Pancreatic cancer 17.7 10.8 12.4 similar similar no trend
Thyroid cancer 0.0 15.7 13.9 similar similar no trend
% Population ever diagnosed with cancer (excluding melanoma) 1 7.2% 5.9% 6.7% similar similar -
Data Sources for incidence rates: New Mexico Tumor Registry (2012-2014)
1 Prevalence of cancer (excluding melanoma) for people surveyed by BRFSS from 2011-2015. BRFSS
* County-level values represent the average of a range of likely values (defined here by 95% confidence intervals). State and national averages are compared to county-level values using these confidence intervals. 'Similar' indicates that the state or national averages fall within the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Higher' indicates that state or national averages fall below the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Lower' indicates that state or national averages are above the county-level 95% confidence interval.

Union
County
New Mexico United States Union/NM comparison * Union/US comparison * 10-year trend
% Children under age 6 tested for elevated blood lead 1.0% 8.7% - similar - no trend
% Children under age 6 tested with blood levels >10 ug/dl 0.0% 0.2% - lower - no trend
Carbon monoxide poisoning hospital admissions (rate per 10,000 residents) 20.4 10.2 - similar - no trend
Carbon monoxide poisoning emergency dept visits (rate per 10,000 residents) 4.5 10.2 - lower - -
Carbon monoxide exposure calls (rate per 10,000 residents) 8.9 8.5 - similar - no trend
Data Sources: NM EPHT (2013-2015).
* County-level values represent the average of a range of likely values (defined here by 95% confidence intervals). State and national averages are compared to county-level values using these confidence intervals. 'Similar' indicates that the state or national averages fall within the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Higher' indicates that state or national averages fall below the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Lower' indicates that state or national averages are above the county-level 95% confidence interval.

Union
County
New Mexico United States Union/NM comparison * Union/US comparison * 10-year trend
Asthma hospital admissions (rate per 10,000 residents) 8.8 8.7 - similar - -
Asthma emergency dept visits (rate per 10,000 residents) 42.2 44.1 - similar - -
Asthma prevalence (% residents with current diagnosis) 13.5% 9.5% 9.0% similar similar -
COPD hospital admissions (rate per 10,000 residents) 15.7 9.2 - similar - -9.0%
COPD prevalence (% residents with current diagnosis) 1 4.9% 5.7% 6.3% similar similar -
Diabetes prevalence (% residents with current diagnosis) 2 9.5% 10.1% 9.8% similar similar -
Heart attack hospital admissions (rate per 10,000 residents) 1.9 12.2 - lower - -
Heat stress related emergency dept visits (rate per 10,000 residents) 10.6 12.8 - similar - -
Data Sources: 1 NM EPHT (2012-2014); 2 BRFSS (2011-2015).
* County-level values represent the average of a range of likely values (defined here by 95% confidence intervals). State and national averages are compared to county-level values using these confidence intervals. 'Similar' indicates that the state or national averages fall within the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Higher' indicates that state or national averages fall below the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Lower' indicates that state or national averages are above the county-level 95% confidence interval.
Union
County
*PM2.5 average annual concentration (mcg/m 3 ) -- LURBME model 5.4
PM2.5 average annual days over NAAQS No monitor
Ozone average annual days over NAAQS No monitor
Data Sources: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Environmental Public Health Tracking Network. Annual PM 2.5 Level (Monitor + Modeled). Accessed From Environmental Public Health Tracking Network: www.cdc.gov/ephtracking.
* EPA NAAQS for annual average PM2.5 concentration is 12 mcg/m 3 .

Type Site Name EPA Webpage for Site
None
Data Sources: US EPA (2017). Some of these pages may be restricted and not available to the public. We have utilized the URLs provided by the EPA.


% of Private Wells Tested that Exceeded MCLs1 for:

Uranium Nitrate Arsenic
0.0%-2.9%
Testing Years: Uranium (1981-2016); Arsenic (1976-2015); Nitrate (2004-2012).
Only a minority of private wells in each county have been tested for these constituents. Therefore, these percentages only refer to wells that have been sampled and may not be representative of the county as a whole.
1 MCL (Maximum Contaminant Level): standard set by EPA for drinking water quality.
Water System Contaminant Average level MCL 1 Number of
people served
None
Data Sources: NM EPHT (2015).
1 MCL (Maximum Contaminant Level): standard set by EPA for drinking water quality.
Union
County
New Mexico United States Union/NM comparison * Union/US comparison * 10-year trend
% Population with BMI >30 45.6% 27.7% 28.9% higher higher -
% Population that currently smokes 16.1% 19.7% 17.5% similar similar -
Data Sources: BRFSS (2011-2015)
* County-level values represent the average of a range of likely values (defined here by 95% confidence intervals). State and national averages are compared to county-level values using these confidence intervals. 'Similar' indicates that the state or national averages fall within the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Higher' indicates that state or national averages fall below the county-level 95% confidence interval. 'Lower' indicates that state or national averages are above the county-level 95% confidence interval.


This information was curated and analyzed for your public health planning by NM EPHT, a program of the New Mexico Department of Health. Want to learn more about integrating environmental and health information into your community? We are here to help. Contact us:

New Mexico Environmental Public Health Tracking
URL: https://nmtracking.org/
Email: doh-eheb@state.nm.us
Phone (toll-free): 1-888-878-8992


  • 10-year trends are determined using linear regression. Percentages can be interpreted as the rate of change over the most recent decade. For example, +2.5% indicates a rate of increase of 2.5% per decade, and -2.5% indicates a 2.5% rate of decrease per decade. Trends that were not statistically significant (p>0.05) appear as 'no trend'.
The NM EPHT Web site is supported by Cooperative Agreement Number 5 U38EH000949 from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Its contents are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official views of CDC. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Fri, 22 September 2017 12:53:59 from New Mexico EPHT Tracking Public Web site: https://nmtracking.org/ ".

Content updated: Fri, 9 Jun 2017 09:26:33 MDT