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Complete Health Indicator Report of Birth Defects: Prevalence of Cleft Palate without Cleft Lip per 10,000 Live Births

Definition

A cleft palate occurs when the palate fails to fuse properly, which forms a grooved depression or fissure in the roof of the mouth. A cleft lip occurs when the fetal components of the lip fail to fuse or join, which forms a groove or fissure in the lip. Prevalence of cleft palate without cleft lip is the number of live-born infants with cleft palate without cleft lip per 10,000 live-born infants. (Live-born infants are the infants born with any evidence of life.)

Numerator

Number of live-born infants with cleft palate who do not have a cleft lip.

Denominator

Number of live-born infants.

Data Interpretation Issues

In January 2000, birth defects became a reportable condition in New Mexico; however, birth defects were collected prior to this date. The first year of consistent data is 1998. For cleft data, the most recent year of analyzed data is 2011. Data are collected on live births occurring in-state to NM residents. Therefore, live births that occur in NM among out-of-state residents are excluded. Case finding/identification occurs through review of birth and death certificates, hospital discharge diagnoses, records from pediatric specialists and prenatal diagnostic providers. Birth defect cases are ascertained up to age 4; however, the majority of diagnoses are made by age 1.

Why Is This Important?

Birth defects pose a significant public health problem. One in 33 babies is born with a structural birth defect in the United States. Birth defects cause one in five deaths among infants less than a year old and lead to $2.6 billion per year in hospital costs alone in the U.S. Children with cleft palates are at high risk for hearing problems due to ear infections. Surgical correction is begun as soon as possible.

Other Objectives

CDC Environmental Public Health Tracking, Nationally Consistent Data and Measures (EPHT NCDM)

How Do We Compare With the U.S.?

The national prevalence of cleft lip with or without cleft palate among births from 2004-2006 is 6.35 per 10,000 births. These data come from 14 birth defects surveillance programs: Arkansas, Arizona, California [8-county Central Valley], Colorado, Georgia [5-county metropolitan Atlanta], Illinois, Iowa, Kentucky, Massachusetts, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Puerto Rico, Texas, and Utah. For more information, please see: http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/features/birthdefects-keyfindings.html Due to variability in the methods used by state birth defects surveillance systems and differences in populations and risk factors, state prevalence estimates may not be directly comparable with national estimates or those of other states.


Related Indicators

Related Relevant Population Characteristics Indicators:




Graphical Data Views

Cleft Palate without Cleft Lip - Five Year Average Prevalence per 10,000 Live Births 2006-2011

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NM vs. U.S.YearPrevalence per 10,000 Live BirthsLower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 2
New Mexico2006-20106.75.38
New Mexico2007-20115.94.77.2

Data Notes

New Mexico live-born infants with cleft palate who do not have a cleft lip, 2006-2011. The following International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) codes were used to identify cleft palate without cleft lip: 749.0 - 749.04 In 1987, CDC put forth a set of 6 digit codes (the sixth digit provides greater specificity for diagnosis) based on the British Pediatric Association Classification of Diseases and the ICD-9-CM. If CDC/BPA codes are present, the following were used to identify cleft palate without cleft lip: 749.000 - 749.090

Data Sources

  • Birth Defects Prevention and Surveillance System (BDPASS), New Mexico Department of Health.
  • Birth Certificate Data, Bureau of Vital Records and Health Statistics (BVRHS), New Mexico Department of Health.


Prevalence of Cleft Palate without Cleft Lip by County 2006-2011

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confidence limits

CountyPrevalence per 10,000 Live BirthsLower LimitUpper LimitNoteNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 35
Bernalillo7.14.99.43954,812
Catron000Rate is statistically unstable.0117
Chaves1.604.9Rate is statistically unstable.16,092
Cibola000Rate is statistically unstable.02,551
Colfax000Rate is statistically unstable.0832
Curry206Rate is statistically unstable.14,978
De Baca000Rate is statistically unstable.0131
Dona Ana2.505Rate is statistically unstable.415,759
Eddy4.4010.6Rate is statistically unstable.24,519
Grant9.2022Rate is statistically unstable.22,165
Guadalupe38.50113.7Rate is statistically unstable.1260
Harding370.401,082.7Rate is statistically unstable.127
Hidalgo000Rate is statistically unstable.0355
Lea000Rate is statistically unstable.06,428
Lincoln15.6037.2Rate is statistically unstable.21,281
Los Alamos19.2045.8Rate is statistically unstable.21,041
Luna12.9027.6Rate is statistically unstable.32,319
McKinley10.53.217.7Rate is statistically unstable.87,637
Mora000Rate is statistically unstable.0266
Otero205.8Rate is statistically unstable.15,129
Quay000Rate is statistically unstable.0610
Rio Arriba5.2012.5Rate is statistically unstable.23,806
Roosevelt000Rate is statistically unstable.01,748
Sandoval8.52.614.5Rate is statistically unstable.89,366
San Juan72.211.8Rate is statistically unstable.811,435
San Miguel9.6022.8Rate is statistically unstable.22,095
Santa Fe8.42.614.2Rate is statistically unstable.89,552
Sierra33.8080.7Rate is statistically unstable.2591
Socorro13.2031.6Rate is statistically unstable.21,512
Taos14.2030.3Rate is statistically unstable.32,110
Torrance28.3060.3Rate is statistically unstable.31,060
Union000Rate is statistically unstable.0181
Valencia6.80.113.545,871
Missing/unknown000Rate is statistically unstable.02
NM6.55.37.8109166,638

Data Notes

New Mexico live-born infants with cleft palate who do not have a cleft lip, 2006-2011. The following International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) codes were used to identify cleft palate without cleft lip: 749.0 - 749.04 In 1987, CDC put forth a set of 6 digit codes (the sixth digit provides greater specificity for diagnosis) based on the British Pediatric Association Classification of Diseases and the ICD-9-CM. If CDC/BPA codes are present, the following were used to identify cleft palate without cleft lip: 749.000 - 749.090

Data Sources

  • Birth Defects Prevention and Surveillance System (BDPASS), New Mexico Department of Health.
  • Birth Certificate Data, Bureau of Vital Records and Health Statistics (BVRHS), New Mexico Department of Health.


Cleft Palate without Cleft Lip: Five-Year Counts - Moving 5-Year Totals 2006-2011

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YearCase Counts
Record Count: 2
2006-201094
2007-201182

Data Notes

New Mexico live-born infants with cleft palate who do not have a cleft lip, 2006-2011. The following International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) codes were used to identify cleft palate without cleft lip: 749.0 - 749.04 In 1987, CDC put forth a set of 6 digit codes (the sixth digit provides greater specificity for diagnosis) based on the British Pediatric Association Classification of Diseases and the ICD-9-CM. If CDC/BPA codes are present, the following were used to identify cleft palate without cleft lip: 749.000 - 749.090

Data Source

Birth Defects Prevention and Surveillance System (BDPASS), New Mexico Department of Health.

More Resources and Links

Evidence-based community health improvement ideas and interventions may be found at the following sites:

Additional indicator data by state and county may be found on these Websites:

Medical literature can be queried at the PubMed website.

For an on-line medical dictionary, click on this Dictionary link.

Page Content Updated On 07/31/2014, Published on 07/31/2014
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Content updated: Tue, 12 Aug 2014 11:49:04 MDT