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Complete Health Indicator Report of Birth Defects: Prevalence of Gastroschisis per 10,000 Live Births

Definition

Gastroschisis is a birth defect of the abdominal (belly) wall. The baby's intestines stick outside of the baby's body, through a hole beside the belly button. The hole can be small or large and sometimes other organs, such as the stomach and liver, can also stick outside of the baby's body. Prevalence of gastroschisis is the number of live-born infants with gasthroschisis per 10,000 live-born infants. (Live-born infants are the infants born with any evidence of life).

Numerator

Number of live-born infants with gastroschisis.

Denominator

Number of live-born infants.

Data Interpretation Issues

In January 2000, birth defects became a reportable condition in New Mexico; however, birth defects were collected prior to this date. The first year of consistent data is 1998. For gastroschisis data, the most recent year of analyzed data is 2011. Data are collected on live births occurring in-state to NM residents. Therefore, live births that occur in NM among out-of-state residents are excluded. Case finding/identification occurs through review of birth and death certificates, hospital discharge diagnoses, records from pediatric specialists and prenatal diagnostic providers. Birth defect cases are ascertained up to age 4; however, the majority of diagnoses are made by age 1.

Why Is This Important?

Birth defects pose a significant public health problem. One in 33 babies is born with a structural birth defect in the United States. Birth defects cause one in five deaths among infants less than a year old and lead to $2.6 billion per year in hospital costs alone in the U.S. Infants with gastroschisis must undergo surgical repair following birth to return the intestines to the abdomen and close the defect. After the repair, infants with gastroschisis can have problems with feeding, digestion of food, and absorption of nutrients.

Other Objectives

CDC Environmental Public Health Tracking, Nationally Consistent Data and Measures (EPHT NCDM)

How Do We Compare With the U.S.?

The national prevalence of gastroschisis among births from 2004-2006 is 4.49 per 10,000 births. These data data come from 14 birth defects surveillance programs: Arkansas, Arizona, California [8-county Central Valley], Colorado, Georgia [5-county metropolitan Atlanta], Illinois, Iowa, Kentucky, Massachusetts, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Puerto Rico, Texas, and Utah. Fore more information, please see: http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/features/birthdefects-keyfindings.html Due to variability in the methods used by state birth defects surveillance systems and differences in populations and risk factors, state prevalence estimates may not be directly comparable with national estimates or those of other states.


Graphical Data Views

Gastroschisis - Five-year Average Prevalence per 10,000 Live Births 2006-2011

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NM vs. U.S.YearPrevalence per 10,000 Live BirthsLower LimitUpper Limit
Record Count: 2
New Mexico2006-20105.84.67.1
New Mexico2007-20115.94.67.2

Data Notes

New Mexico live-born infants with gastroschisis, 2006-2011 In 1987, CDC put forth a set of 6 digit codes (the sixth digit provides greater specificity for diagnosis) based on the British Pediatric Association Classification of Diseases and the ICD-9-CM. If CDC/BPA codes are present, the following were used to identify gastroschisis: 756.710


Prevalence of Gastroschisis by County 2006-2011

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confidence limits

CountyPrevalence per 10,000 Live BirthsLower LimitUpper LimitNoteNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 35
Bernalillo6.94.79.13854,812
Catron000Rate is statistically unstable.0117
Chaves6.60.113Rate is statistically unstable.46,092
Cibola11.8025.1Rate is statistically unstable.32,551
Colfax12035.6Rate is statistically unstable.1832
Curry80.215.9Rate is statistically unstable.44,978
De Baca000Rate is statistically unstable.0131
Dona Ana5.729.4Rate is statistically unstable.915,759
Eddy4.4010.6Rate is statistically unstable.24,519
Grant4.6013.7Rate is statistically unstable.12,165
Guadalupe000Rate is statistically unstable.0260
Harding000Rate is statistically unstable.027
Hidalgo000Rate is statistically unstable.0355
Lea3.107.4Rate is statistically unstable.26,428
Lincoln000Rate is statistically unstable.01,281
Los Alamos000Rate is statistically unstable.01,041
Luna4.3012.8Rate is statistically unstable.12,319
McKinley7.91.614.1Rate is statistically unstable.67,637
Mora000Rate is statistically unstable.0266
Otero13.63.523.8Rate is statistically unstable.75,129
Quay000Rate is statistically unstable.0610
Rio Arriba2.607.8Rate is statistically unstable.13,806
Roosevelt000Rate is statistically unstable.01,748
Sandoval3.206.8Rate is statistically unstable.39,366
San Juan72.211.8Rate is statistically unstable.811,435
San Miguel4.8014.1Rate is statistically unstable.12,095
Santa Fe5.20.69.8Rate is statistically unstable.59,552
Sierra000Rate is statistically unstable.0591
Socorro000Rate is statistically unstable.01,512
Taos4.7014Rate is statistically unstable.12,110
Torrance000Rate is statistically unstable.01,060
Union000Rate is statistically unstable.0181
Valencia10.2218.465,871
Missing/unknown000Rate is statistically unstable.02
NM6.257.4103166,638

Data Notes

New Mexico live-born infants with gastroschisis, 2006-2011 In 1987, CDC put forth a set of 6 digit codes (the sixth digit provides greater specificity for diagnosis) based on the British Pediatric Association Classification of Diseases and the ICD-9-CM. If CDC/BPA codes are present, the following were used to identify gastroschisis: 756.710

Data Source

Birth Certificate Data, Bureau of Vital Records and Health Statistics (BVRHS), New Mexico Department of Health.


Gastroschisis: Five Year Counts - Moving 5-year Totals 2006-2011

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YearCase Counts
Record Count: 2
2006-201082
2007-201181

Data Notes

New Mexico live-born infants with gastroschisis, 2006-2011 In 1987, CDC put forth a set of 6 digit codes (the sixth digit provides greater specificity for diagnosis) based on the British Pediatric Association Classification of Diseases and the ICD-9-CM. If CDC/BPA codes are present, the following were used to identify gastroschisis: 756.710

More Resources and Links

Evidence-based community health improvement ideas and interventions may be found at the following sites:

Additional indicator data by state and county may be found on these Websites:

Medical literature can be queried at the PubMed website.

For an on-line medical dictionary, click on this Dictionary link.

Page Content Updated On 07/31/2014, Published on 07/31/2014
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Content updated: Tue, 12 Aug 2014 11:49:04 MDT