Complete Health Indicator Report of Cancer Incidence - Esophagus Cancer
DefinitionEsophageal cancer incidence refers to the number of persons newly diagnosed with esophageal cancer during a specified time period. Measures include 1) Number of newly diagnosed esophageal cancer cases; and 2) Age-adjusted esophageal cancer incidence rates per 100,000 population.
NumeratorThe number of esophageal cancer cases newly diagnosed in New Mexico residents within a specified time period.
DenominatorThe estimated population of New Mexico residents within a specified time period.
Why Is This Important?Esophageal cancer occurs in the esophagus, which is the tube connecting your throat to your stomach. Esophageal cancer usually begins in the cells lining the inside of the esophagus and grows outward. Each year, esophageal cancer accounts for around 1% of all new cancer cases and 2.6% of all cancer deaths in the U.S. This equates to 17,000 cases and 16,000 deaths. The five-year survival rate is 19%. New Mexico has averaged about 92 new cases of esophageal cancer per year from 2010 to 2015. Rates of esophageal cancer diagnosis in New Mexico have remained relatively steady over recent decades.
Other ObjectivesCDC Environmental Public Health Tracking, Nationally Consistent Data and Measures (EPHT NCDM)
Risk FactorsMen and older adults are typically at greater risk of esophageal cancer. The disease is around four-times more common among men than women, with men accounting for 82% of cases in New Mexico between 2009 and 2013. Disease rates also increase with age, with people aged 65 and over accounting for 62% of cases, and people between 45 and 64 years of age accounting for nearly all remaining cases. Esophageal cancer incidence is lower among Hispanics and American Indians than among Whites. Compared to Whites, esophageal cancer rates were approximately 57% lower among American Indians and 38% lower among Hispanics from 2009 to 2013 in New Mexico. Chronic irritation of the esophagus is thought to raise the risk of esophageal cancer. Common factors that can irritate your esophagus and increase the risk of esophageal cancer include: ? Tobacco use ? Alcohol consumption ? Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) ? Precancerous changes in the cells of the esophagus (Barrett's esophagus) ? Obesity ? Eating few fruits and vegetables ? Drinking very hot liquids ? Achalasia, a condition where the muscle in the lower esophagus does not relax, causing food to collect in the esophagus ? Undergoing radiation treatment to the chest or upper abdomen
Graphical Data Views
Incidence of Cancer of the Esophagus - Age-adjusted Rate per 100,000 Population by County, New Mexico 2011-2015
|County||Cases per 100,000 Population, Age-adjusted||Lower Limit||Upper Limit||Note||Numer- ator||Denom- inator|
Record Count: 34
|Catron||2.9||0.0||7.0||Warning, value is very unstable||2||18,435|
|Cibola||1.2||0.0||3.0||Warning, value is very unstable||2||137,152|
|Colfax||3.8||0.1||7.6||Warning, value is very unstable||4||66,550|
|De Baca||0.0||0.0||34.7||Warning, value is unstable||0||9,788|
|Guadalupe||3.4||0.0||10.2||Warning, value is very unstable||1||22,923|
|Harding||**||Warning, value is very unstable||3,456|
|Hidalgo||6.2||0.0||14.8||Warning, value is very unstable||2||23,447|
|Lincoln||2.5||0.0||5.0||Warning, value is very unstable||4||101,720|
|Los Alamos||3.2||0.0||6.4||Warning, value is very unstable||4||89,968|
|Luna||4.9||1.2||8.6||Warning, value is unstable||8||124,464|
|McKinley||2.5||0.6||4.3||Warning, value is unstable||7||370,246|
|Mora||2.5||0.0||7.3||Warning, value is very unstable||1||23,960|
|Quay||7.1||0.7||13.4||Warning, value is unstable||5||43,736|
|Rio Arriba||2.4||0.6||4.3||Warning, value is unstable||7||199,982|
|Roosevelt||3.8||0.1||7.6||Warning, value is very unstable||4||100,662|
|San Juan||2.4||0.3||4.4||Warning, value is unstable||5||143,791|
|Sierra||5.4||0.0||12.4||Warning, value is very unstable||4||58,311|
|Socorro||4.6||0.5||8.7||Warning, value is unstable||5||88,354|
|Taos||2.4||0.6||4.2||Warning, value is unstable||7||166,193|
|Torrance||5.0||1.3||8.8||Warning, value is unstable||7||79,740|
|Union||3.0||0.0||9.0||Warning, value is very unstable||1||22,343|
Data NotesData have been age-adjusted to the U.S. 2000 standard population. **The count or rate in certain cells of the table has been suppressed either because 1) the observed number of events is very small and not appropriate for publication, or 2) it could be used to calculate the number in a cell that has been suppressed. For survey queries, percentages calculated from fewer than 50 survey responses are suppressed.
- Numerator: The New Mexico Tumor Registry, University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center, http://hsc.unm.edu/som/nmtr/.
- New Mexico Population Estimates: University of New Mexico, Geospatial and Population Studies (GPS) Program, http://gps.unm.edu/.
More Resources and LinksEvidence-based community health improvement ideas and interventions may be found at the following sites:
- The Guide to Community Preventive Services
- Health Indicators Warehouse
- County Health Rankings
- Healthy People 2020 Website
Additional indicator data by state and county may be found on these Websites:
- Health Indicators Warehouse
- County Health Rankings
- Kaiser Family Foundation's StateHealthFacts.org
- CDC WONDER's DATA2010, the Healthy People 2010 Database.
Medical literature can be queried at the PubMed website.
For an on-line medical dictionary, click on this Dictionary link.
Page Content Updated On 01/30/2019, Published on 05/16/2019