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Complete Health Indicator Report of Cancer Incidence - Liver and Intrahepatic Bile Duct

Definition

Liver and intrahepatic bile duct cancer incidence refers to the number of persons newly diagnosed with liver and intrahepatic bile duct cancer during a specified time period. Measures include 1) the number of newly diagnosed cases of the liver and intrahepatic bile duct cancer; and 2) age-adjusted incidence rate of the liver and intrahepatic bile duct cancer (adjusted by the direct method to the 2000 US standard population. All rates are expressed per 100,000 persons. Measures are provided by sex and race/ethnicity.

Numerator

The number of liver and intrahepatic bile duct cancer cases newly diagnosed in New Mexico residents within a specified time period. The data are based on the National Cancer Institute's Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) program incidence site recode for liver cancer (SEER Recode B 21071, 21072); ICD-O-3 codes: primary sites C220, C221; excludes histologies: 9590-9989, and 9140; Malignant cases: ICD behavior code 3.

Denominator

The estimated population of New Mexico residents within a specified time period.

Why Is This Important?

Primary liver cancer (cancer that starts in the liver) accounts for over 2% of all new cancer cases and nearly 5% of all cancer deaths in the U.S, which represents 39,000 cases and 27,000 deaths. The five-year survival rate is 18%. New Mexico has averaged about 242 new cases of bladder cancer each year between 2010 and 2015. Since 1990, age-adjusted rates of bladder cancer in New Mexico have increased by 2.5-times, which is consistent with national trends. Disease risk among males is 3-4 times higher than that in females, reflecting a gender difference in risk factors that include alcohol abuse, chronic infection with hepatitis B virus (HBV) or hepatitis C virus (HCV), exposure to aflatoxin, and obesity. HBV and HCV can be spread from person to person through sharing contaminated needles (such as in drug use) or unprotected sex. Given these major risk factors, many cases of liver cancer are considered to be preventable.

Other Objectives

CDC Environmental Public Health Tracking, Nationally Consistent Data and Measures (EPHT NCDM)


Related Indicators

Related Relevant Population Characteristics Indicators:


Risk Factors

Alcohol abuse, chronic infection with hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV), obesity, exposure to aflatoxin.

Related Risk Factors Indicators:




Graphical Data Views

Incidence of Cancer of the Liver and Intrahepatic Bile Duct - Age-adjusted Rate per 100,000 Population by County, New Mexico 2011-2015

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

CountyCases per 100,000 Population, Age-adjustedLower LimitUpper LimitNoteNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 34
Bernalillo10.29.211.2-4053,377,733
Catron4.90.010.4Warning, value is very unstable318,435
Chaves12.18.615.6-47330,206
Cibola15.89.422.1-25137,152
Colfax10.54.416.6-1266,550
Curry9.05.212.9-22250,245
De Baca30.33.257.5Warning, value is unstable59,788
Dona Ana10.48.512.4-1151,074,788
Eddy12.28.216.0-39278,485
Grant10.15.414.8-21146,532
Guadalupe24.77.641.8Warning, value is unstable822,923
Harding**Warning, value is very unstable3,456
Hidalgo7.70.018.5Warning, value is very unstable223,447
Lea8.85.612.0-30339,602
Lincoln4.10.47.8Warning, value is unstable6101,720
Los Alamos5.41.39.5Warning, value is unstable789,968
Luna7.83.512.2-13124,464
McKinley12.18.315.9-41370,246
Mora3.70.08.8Warning, value is very unstable223,960
Otero10.27.013.4-40326,076
Quay11.82.720.8Warning, value is unstable743,736
Rio Arriba11.07.015.0-30199,982
Roosevelt6.71.711.8Warning, value is unstable7100,662
Sandoval7.95.810.0-55650,875
San Juan12.87.618.0-25143,791
San Miguel8.86.710.8-73683,852
Santa Fe8.36.410.1-87734,498
Sierra18.18.927.2-1858,311
Socorro7.92.613.2Warning, value is unstable988,354
Taos9.15.213.0-23166,193
Torrance4.70.48.9Warning, value is unstable579,740
Union3.00.08.8Warning, value is very unstable122,343
Valencia12.49.215.7-59383,974
New Mexico118.69.410.5-1,24210,472,086

Data Notes

Data have been age-adjusted to the U.S. 2000 standard population. **The count or rate in certain cells of the table has been suppressed either because 1) the observed number of events is very small and not appropriate for publication, or 2) it could be used to calculate the number in a cell that has been suppressed. For survey queries, percentages calculated from fewer than 50 survey responses are suppressed.

Data Sources

  • Numerator: The New Mexico Tumor Registry, University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center, http://hsc.unm.edu/som/nmtr/.
  • New Mexico Population Estimates: University of New Mexico, Geospatial and Population Studies (GPS) Program, http://gps.unm.edu/.

References and Community Resources

https://nmtracking/health_effects/cancer/cancer-liver/

More Resources and Links

Evidence-based community health improvement ideas and interventions may be found at the following sites:

Additional indicator data by state and county may be found on these Websites:

Medical literature can be queried at the PubMed website.

For an on-line medical dictionary, click on this Dictionary link.

Page Content Updated On 01/30/2019, Published on 05/16/2019
The NM EPHT website is supported by Cooperative Agreement Number, 6 NUE1EH001354 (previously, 5 U38EH000949), funded by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Its contents are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official views of CDC or do not necessarily reflect the official policies of the Department of Health and Human Services, nor does the mention of trade names, commercial practices, or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S. Government. The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Wed, 20 November 2019 5:23:50 from New Mexico EPHT Tracking Public Web site: https://nmtracking.org/ ".

Content updated: Thu, 16 May 2019 10:53:32 MDT