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Complete Health Indicator Report of Birth Outcomes - Low Birthweight

Definition

Low birthweight infants are those weighing less than 2,500 grams (about 5.5 pounds). The low birthweight rate is the number of live births under 2,500 grams divided by the total number of live births over the same time period.

Numerator

Number of live born infants weighing under 2,500 grams.

Denominator

Total number of live births.

Why Is This Important?

Low birthweight increases the risk for infant mortality and morbidity. As birthweight decreases, the risk for death increases. Low birthweight infants who survive often require intensive care at birth, may develop chronic illnesses, and later may require special education services. Health care costs and length of hospital stay are higher for low birthweight infants.

Healthy People Objective: Low birth weight (LBW)

U.S. Target: 7.8 percent

Other Objectives

New Mexico Community Health Status Indicator (CHSI) New Mexico Early Learning Indicator

What Is Being Done?

The Maternal Health Program collaborates with the UNM Maternal & Family Planning (M & FP) and Presbyterian Medical Group perinatologists to provide care to high risk, medically indigent women. These services are provided to patients free of charge through the High Risk Prenatal Care Fund (HRF) at the UNM Health Sciences Center in Albuquerque, UNM outreach clinics and Presbyterian hospitals and clinics throughout the State. UNM maintains the Physician Access Line for Service (PALS), providing statewide access to a perinatologist 24/7 for telephone consultations and to arrange transport for patients requiring intensive management at the university, including women in preterm labor. Additionally, UNM Telemedicine offers the High Risk Pregnancy direct patient evaluation, real-time fetal ultrasound analysis and counseling whereby remotely practicing physicians can access specialty services for patients. This network of care and screening is designed to prevent low birthweight births through specialized care to the mother. These high risk providers are the most likely to anticipate and recognize preterm labor and other conditions where delivery at a tertiary care center is desirable and make appropriate transfers of care to them. Women in premature labor or with other pregnancy related complications may transfer out of the state if another tertiary care center is closer than Albuquerque. Albuquerque has the only two level one neonatal intensive care units in the state. Data on which facilities these women transfer to is not available.

Health Program Information

In addition to the services received through the High Risk Fund described above, the MCH program utilizes the services of Families FIRST which is a case management program of the New Mexico Department of Health, Public Health Division. It is funded by Medicaid to provide perinatal case management to Medicaid eligible pregnant women and children 0-3 years old. The purpose of perinatal case management services is to provide a voluntary home visit to eligible clients, to establish a medical home, and to assist clients in gaining access to needed medical, social and educational services that are necessary to foster positive pregnancy outcomes and promote healthy infants and children in New Mexico. One of the goals of the Families First Program is to reduce low birthweight infants by providing the resources needed for good prenatal care and through smoking cessation and substance abuse programs.


Related Indicators

Relevant Population Characteristics

Mothers who are at the younger (less than 20) or older (35 or over) ends of the age range are more likely to give birth to low birth weight infants. Black and Asian/Pacific Islander women and women who have not finished high school also have higher risk for low birth weight births.

Related Relevant Population Characteristics Indicators:




Graphical Data Views

Percentage of Live Born Infants With Low Birthweight, New Mexico and U.S., 1990-2017

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confidence limits

NM vs. U.S.YearPercentage Low BirthweightLower LimitUpper LimitNoteNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 72
New Mexico19907.4%7.0%7.7%2,00727,317
New Mexico19917.1%6.8%7.4%1,97327,784
New Mexico19927.2%6.9%7.5%2,01427,907
New Mexico19937.3%7.0%7.6%2,03227,831
New Mexico19947.3%7.0%7.6%2,02327,586
New Mexico19957.5%7.2%7.8%2,01726,914
New Mexico19967.5%7.2%7.8%2,04127,215
New Mexico19977.8%7.4%8.1%2,08626,844
New Mexico19987.5%7.2%7.8%2,04427,294
New Mexico19997.6%7.3%8.0%2,07727,133
New Mexico20008.0%7.7%8.3%2,18027,206
New Mexico20017.9%7.6%8.2%2,14727,101
New Mexico20028.0%7.7%8.4%2,22427,708
New Mexico20038.4%8.1%8.8%2,34527,799
New Mexico20048.1%7.8%8.4%2,30428,355
New Mexico20058.5%8.2%8.9%2,46028,822
New Mexico20068.9%8.6%9.2%2,66929,918
New Mexico20078.7%8.4%9.0%2,67130,605
New Mexico20088.4%8.1%8.8%2,54630,156
New Mexico20098.3%8.0%8.6%2,39528,873
New Mexico20108.7%8.4%9.0%2,42027,795
New Mexico20118.8%8.4%9.1%2,38627,251
New Mexico20128.8%8.5%9.2%2,38826,992
New Mexico20138.9%8.5%9.2%2,33126,242
New Mexico20148.8%8.4%9.1%2,27425,985
New Mexico20158.7%8.4%9.0%2,23625,730
New Mexico20169.0%8.6%9.4%2,20424,503
New Mexico20179.5%9.1%9.8%2,24123,708
United States19907.0%
United States19917.1%
United States19927.1%
United States19937.2%
United States19947.3%
United States19957.3%
United States19967.4%
United States19977.5%
United States19987.6%
United States19997.6%
United States20007.6%
United States20017.7%
United States20027.8%
United States20037.9%
United States20048.1%
United States20058.2%
United States20068.3%
United States20078.2%
United States20088.2%
United States20098.2%
United States20108.2%
United States20118.1%
United States20128.0%
United States20138.0%
United States20148.0%
United States20158.1%
United States20168.2%
United States20178.3%U.S. Preliminary Data for 2017

Data Notes

Low birthweight is defined as less than 2,500 grams (about 5 pounds, 8 ounces).

Data Sources

  • Birth Certificate Data, Bureau of Vital Records and Health Statistics (BVRHS), New Mexico Department of Health.
  • U.S. Data Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, ]http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/]


Percentage of Live Born Infants With Low Birthweight by County, New Mexico, 2015-2017

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confidence limits

CountyPercentage Low BirthweightLower LimitUpper LimitNoteNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 35
Bernalillo9.2%8.8%9.5%2,07622,659
Catron**Very unstable: Rate was suppressed
Chaves8.3%7.3%9.4%2232,681
Cibola9.5%7.6%11.3%93983
Colfax14.1%10.5%17.7%50355
Curry6.8%5.9%7.8%1762,574
De Baca8.7%0.6%16.8%Unstable446
Dona Ana8.3%7.7%8.8%6868,307
Eddy8.5%7.4%9.6%2162,536
Grant10.9%8.9%13.0%97887
Guadalupe6.8%2.5%11.0%Unstable9133
Harding**Very unstable: Rate was suppressed
Hidalgo18.2%12.3%24.1%30165
Lea8.8%7.8%9.8%2873,262
Lincoln9.1%6.6%11.5%48530
Los Alamos9.5%6.9%12.0%48507
Luna7.4%5.9%8.9%881,183
McKinley8.6%7.6%9.6%2482,892
Mora4.8%1.0%8.6%Unstable6125
Otero7.6%6.6%8.5%2162,854
Quay5.5%2.7%8.3%14254
Rio Arriba13.3%11.5%15.0%1911,439
Roosevelt7.0%5.2%8.8%55787
Sandoval9.7%8.8%10.6%4164,287
San Juan8.1%7.3%8.8%4075,026
San Miguel11.8%9.6%14.1%96811
Santa Fe11.6%10.6%12.6%4363,765
Sierra9.4%6.1%12.6%29309
Socorro8.7%6.4%11.0%51587
Taos12.5%10.3%14.7%107855
Torrance8.4%6.0%10.9%41487
Union7.8%2.9%12.7%Unstable9115
Valencia9.0%7.9%10.2%2242,479
New Mexico9.0%8.8%9.2%6,68173,941
U.S.8.3%U.S. Preliminary Data for 2017

Data Notes

Low birthweight is defined as less than 2,500 grams (about 5 pounds, 8 ounces).

Data Sources

  • Birth Certificate Data, Bureau of Vital Records and Health Statistics (BVRHS), New Mexico Department of Health.
  • U.S. Data Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, ]http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/]


Percentage of Live Born Infants With Low Birthweight by Race/Ethnicity, New Mexico, 2017

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confidence limits

Race/EthnicityPercentage Low BirthweightLower LimitUpper LimitNoteNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 7
American Indian/Alaska Native8.8%7.7%9.8%2472,812
Asian/Pacific Islander12.7%9.8%15.6%64505
Black/African American16.7%13.4%20.0%82492
Hispanic9.3%8.8%9.8%1,23913,310
White9.2%8.5%9.9%6006,518
New Mexico9.5%9.1%9.8%2,24123,708
United States8.3%U.S. Preliminary Data from 2017

Data Notes

Low birthweight is defined as less than 2,500 grams (about 5 pounds, 8 ounces).

Data Sources

  • Birth Certificate Data, Bureau of Vital Records and Health Statistics (BVRHS), New Mexico Department of Health.
  • U.S. Data Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, ]http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/]


Percentage of Live Born Infants With Low Birthweight by Mother's Age, New Mexico, 2017

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confidence limits

Mother's AgePercentage Low BirthweightLower LimitUpper LimitNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 6
15 to 19 yrs9.3%8.0%10.6%1751,889
20 to 24 yrs9.2%8.4%9.9%5536,042
25 to 29 yrs8.4%7.8%9.1%6057,187
30 to 34 yrs9.5%8.7%10.3%5135,399
35 to 39 yrs12.1%10.8%13.3%3162,620
40 + yrs13.7%10.8%16.6%76554

Data Notes

Low birthweight is defined as less than 2,500 grams (about 5 pounds, 8 ounces).

Data Source

Birth Certificate Data, Bureau of Vital Records and Health Statistics (BVRHS), New Mexico Department of Health.


Percentage of Live Born Infants With Low Birthweight by Small Area, New Mexico, 2012-2016

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confidence limits

Small AreaPercentage Low BirthweightLower LimitUpper LimitNoteNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 112
1-Bernalillo County, Central Penn10.3%9.0%11.6%2182,116
2-Bernalillo County, Central Tabo10.0%8.8%11.2%2342,342
3-Bernalillo County, East Gateway8.0%6.3%9.7%801,000
4-Bernalillo County, Lomas San Mateo7.4%5.8%9.0%751,015
5-Bernalillo County, Lomas Girard9.8%7.2%12.3%50512
6-Bernalillo County, Gibson University9.1%7.2%11.1%75823
7-Bernalillo County, Rio Bravo Second10.3%8.1%12.6%72697
8-Bernalillo County, Lomas Broadway10.9%9.1%12.7%1231,130
9-Military Bases7.4%6.2%8.6%1451,957
10-Bernalillo County, Isleta Gun Club10.7%8.6%12.9%84782
11-Bernalillo County, Arenal Unser7.0%5.6%8.3%921,321
12-Bernalillo County, Chavez OneEighteenth8.1%6.9%9.3%1672,060
13-Bernalillo County, Southwest7.9%6.1%9.7%68859
14-Bernalillo County, Arenal Tapia10.3%8.5%12.0%1221,188
15-Bernalillo County, Central Coors11.1%9.5%12.7%1601,440
16-Bernalillo County, So. Ninetyeight8.6%7.4%9.7%1842,152
17-Bernalillo County, No. Ninetyeight9.5%8.1%10.9%1661,744
18-Bernalillo County, Montano Rio Grande8.2%5.6%10.8%36438
19-Bernalillo County, Candelaria Second10.9%9.0%12.8%108992
20-Bernalillo County, Comanche Carlysle11.2%9.4%12.9%1381,237
21-Bernalillo County, Indian School Pennsylvania8.9%7.4%10.4%1151,292
22-Bernalillo County, Indian School Juan Tabo9.8%8.1%11.6%1111,127
23-Bernalillo County, Montgomery Louisiana9.5%7.8%11.1%1141,204
24-Bernalillo County, Montgomery Moon8.4%6.2%10.7%49580
25-Bernalillo County, Comanche Juan Tabo8.3%6.5%10.0%80968
26-Bernalillo County, Paseo Louisiana8.9%7.2%10.6%921,032
27-Bernalillo County, Paseo Ventura8.5%6.7%10.3%81952
28-Bernalillo County, East Mountain8.7%6.6%10.9%59676
29-Bernalillo County, Del Norte9.3%7.3%11.2%79850
30-Bernalillo County, Montano Coors8.6%6.5%10.6%59689
31-Bernalillo County, Alameda Coors10.2%8.7%11.6%1651,623
32-Bernalillo County, Alameda Edith9.3%7.5%11.0%991,066
33-Bernalillo County, Academy Tramway8.0%6.4%9.6%891,107
34-Bernalillo County, Irving Unser8.8%7.4%10.1%1551,769
35-Chaves County, Roswell N.W.8.2%7.0%9.4%1782,168
36-Chaves County, Roswell S.E.8.1%6.6%9.5%1051,303
37-Chaves County, Other7.8%6.2%9.3%871,120
38-Cibola County9.3%8.0%10.6%1711,836
39-Colfax/Union Counties12.1%9.9%14.4%99815
40-Curry County, Clovis West9.4%8.0%10.9%1411,493
41-Curry County, Clovis East9.2%7.8%10.5%1591,732
42-Dona Ana County, Anthony Berino Chaparral7.5%6.3%8.7%1381,845
43-Dona Ana County, Central Las Cruces9.3%7.7%10.9%1161,248
44-Dona Ana County, Dona Ana Fort Selden6.9%5.7%8.1%1151,665
45-Dona Ana County, Hatch and Surrounding Area7.1%5.1%9.0%45638
46-Dona Ana County, Las Alturas Talavera8.1%5.8%10.4%44542
47-Dona Ana County, Mesilla Picacho Mesilla Park6.6%4.8%8.4%49741
48-Dona Ana County, Northwest Las Cruces7.3%6.0%8.5%1261,732
49-Dona Ana County, Sonoma Butterfield Moongate8.4%7.2%9.6%1712,037
50-Dona Ana County, South Valley6.8%5.2%8.5%61892
51-Dona Ana County, Sunland Park9.9%8.4%11.4%1471,487
52-Dona Ana County, South Las Cruces7.6%6.2%9.0%1031,352
53-Eddy County, Carlsbad7.2%6.2%8.3%1742,400
54-Eddy County, Other7.5%6.3%8.6%1431,916
55-Grant County, Silver City10.0%8.0%12.0%88881
56-Hidalgo County/Grant County, Other12.6%10.4%14.7%116922
57-Lea County, Hobbs No.8.0%6.7%9.2%1431,792
58-Lea County, Hobbs So.9.8%8.3%11.3%1461,488
59-Lea County, Other8.1%7.0%9.2%1982,449
60-Lincoln County10.0%8.0%11.9%91914
61-Los Alamos County9.0%7.1%10.9%77855
62-Luna County7.0%5.9%8.1%1432,038
63-McKinley County, Gallup8.0%6.7%9.2%1421,783
64-McKinley County, NW8.1%6.6%9.6%971,198
65-McKinley County, SW8.7%7.3%10.1%1321,514
66-McKinley County, Other8.3%6.6%9.9%861,042
67-San Miguel County, Las Vegas11.3%9.3%13.3%107945
68-San Miguel County, Pecos/Villanueva12.9%9.5%16.3%48373
69-Mora/Guadalupe/San Miguel East7.7%5.6%9.8%48626
70-Otero County, Alamogordo N.E.9.2%7.5%10.9%1021,109
71-Otero County, Alamogordo S.W.7.2%5.7%8.6%831,160
72-Otero County, Other8.3%7.0%9.5%1531,852
73-Quay/DeBaca/Harding Counties8.4%6.1%10.7%46548
74-Rio Arriba, Espanola and Pueblos11.7%10.2%13.3%1881,603
75-Rio Arriba, North11.8%9.5%14.1%87737
76-Roosevelt County/Curry County, Other6.2%5.2%7.2%1362,191
77-San Juan County, Farmington North7.2%5.7%8.7%811,128
78-San Juan County, Farmington Southeast8.2%6.7%9.8%1001,218
79-San Juan County, Farmington West/Kirtland/La Plata6.8%5.7%8.0%1251,827
80-San Juan County, North/Aztec8.8%7.4%10.2%1411,606
81-San Juan County, Northeast/Bloomfield8.8%7.0%10.5%911,040
82-San Juan County, South8.2%6.5%9.8%881,077
83-San Juan County, West7.2%5.8%8.6%911,268
84-Sandoval County, Rio Rancho Blvd, No.8.3%6.9%9.7%1251,505
85-Sandoval County, Rio Rancho Blvd, So.8.1%6.0%10.3%51628
86-Sandoval County, Rio Rancho West8.2%6.9%9.6%1391,685
87-Sandoval County, Rio Rancho So.10.6%9.0%12.3%1471,382
88-Sandoval County, Bernalillo/Placitas9.4%7.1%11.7%59627
89-Sandoval County, Corrales10.2%5.9%14.6%19186
90-Sandoval County Other East7.7%5.8%9.6%57740
91-Sandoval County Other West10.0%7.7%12.3%66660
92-Santa Fe County, East Foothills + Eldorado9.0%6.8%11.2%57633
93-Santa Fe County, Opera Vicinity11.8%8.9%14.7%57483
94-Santa Fe County, Pueblos Plus9.3%7.4%11.2%84904
95-Santa Fe Co., Agua Fria Neighborhood + Downtown9.4%7.5%11.3%82872
96-Santa Fe County, Agua Fria Village10.3%8.5%12.1%1151,116
97-Santa Fe, Bellamah/Stamm11.0%8.9%13.0%95867
98-Santa Fe County, Airport Road9.8%8.2%11.4%1281,305
99-Santa Fe County, South11.7%9.2%14.1%76651
101-Sierra/Catron Counties8.0%6.0%10.2%52646
102-Socorro County9.2%7.4%10.9%981,071
103-Torrance County9.0%7.0%11.0%71786
104-Taos County, Northwest9.8%6.9%12.8%39396
105-Taos County, Downtown and High Road11.5%9.6%13.4%1261,091
106-Valencia County, Los Lunas9.0%7.2%10.7%921,024
107-Valencia County, NE10.4%8.3%12.5%85819
108-Valencia County, SE9.2%7.6%10.8%1151,246
109-Valencia County, West and Belen8.0%6.4%9.6%861,072
New Mexico8.8%8.7%9.0%11,411129,281
United States8.3%U.S. Provisional Data from 2017

Data Notes

Low birthweight is defined as less than 2,500 grams (about 5 pounds, 8 ounces).

Data Sources

  • Birth Certificate Data, Bureau of Vital Records and Health Statistics (BVRHS), New Mexico Department of Health.
  • U.S. Data Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, ]http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/]


Percentage of Live Born Infants With Low Birthweight by U.S. States, 2016

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StatePercentage Low Birthweight
Record Count: 51
Alabama10.3%
Alaska5.9%
Arizona7.3%
Arkansas8.8%
California6.8%
Colorado9.0%
Connecticut7.8%
Delaware8.9%
Florida8.7%
Georgia9.8%
Hawaii8.5%
Idaho7.0%
Illinois8.4%
Indiana8.2%
Iowa6.8%
Kansas7.0%
Kentucky9.1%
Louisiana10.6%
Maine7.1%
Maryland8.5%
Massachucetts7.5%
Michigan8.5%
Minnesota6.6%
Mississippi11.5%
Missouri8.7%
Montana7.9%
Nebraska7.0%
Nevada8.5%
New Hampshire6.4%
New Jersey8.1%
New Mexico9.0%
New York7.9%
North Carolina9.2%
North Dakota6.6%
Ohio8.7%
Oklahoma7.8%
Oregon6.5%
Pennsylvania8.2%
Rhode Island8.0%
South Carolina9.6%
South Dakota6.8%
Tennessee9.3%
Texas8.4%
Utah7.2%
Vermont6.9%
Virginia8.1%
Washington6.4%
West Virginia9.6%
Wisconsin7.4%
Wyoming8.5%
United States8.2%

Data Notes

Low birthweight is defined as less than 2,500 grams (about 5 pounds, 8 ounces).

Data Source

U.S. Data Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, ]http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/]


Percentage of Live Born Infants With Low Birthweight by Health Region, New Mexico, 2017

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

New Mexico Health RegionPercentage Low BirthweightLower LimitUpper LimitNoteNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 7
Northwest8.7%7.6%9.8%2342,685
Northeast12.7%11.4%13.9%3312,615
Metro9.3%8.7%9.9%9099,766
Southeast8.8%7.9%9.6%3524,012
Southwest9.0%8.1%9.8%4154,630
New Mexico9.5%9.1%9.8%2,24123,708
US8.3%U.S. Preliminary Data from 2017

Data Notes

Low birthweight is defined as less than 2,500 grams (about 5 pounds, 8 ounces).

Data Sources

  • Birth Certificate Data, Bureau of Vital Records and Health Statistics (BVRHS), New Mexico Department of Health.
  • U.S. Data Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, ]http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/]


Percentage of Live Born Infants With Low Birthweight by Urban and Rural Counties, New Mexico, 2017

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Urban Versus Rural CountiesPercentage Low BirthweightLower LimitUpper LimitNoteNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 6
Metropolitan Counties9.3%8.7%9.9%9099,766
Small Metro Counties9.5%8.7%10.2%5065,350
Mixed Urban-Rural9.6%8.9%10.2%7427,758
Rural Counties10.1%8.0%12.1%84834
New Mexico9.5%9.1%9.8%2,24123,708
U.S.8.3%U.S. Preliminary Data from 2017

Data Notes

Low birthweight is defined as less than 2,500 grams (about 5 pounds, 8 ounces).

Data Sources

  • Birth Certificate Data, Bureau of Vital Records and Health Statistics (BVRHS), New Mexico Department of Health.
  • U.S. Data Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics, ]http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/]


Percentage of Live Born Infants With Low Birthweight by Mother's Education Level, New Mexico, 2017

::chart - missing::
confidence limits

Education LevelPercentage Low BirthweightLower LimitUpper LimitNoteNumer- atorDenom- inator
Record Count: 4
Less Than High School10.6%9.7%11.5%4794,50914,976
H.S. Grad or G.E.D.9.9%9.2%10.7%5755,79218,623
Some Post High School9.2%8.6%9.8%7908,60827,148
College Graduate8.3%7.5%9.0%3924,74514,733

Data Notes

Low birthweight is defined as less than 2,500 grams (about 5 pounds, 8 ounces).

Data Source

Birth Certificate Data, Bureau of Vital Records and Health Statistics (BVRHS), New Mexico Department of Health.

More Resources and Links

Evidence-based community health improvement ideas and interventions may be found at the following sites:

Additional indicator data by state and county may be found on these Websites:

Medical literature can be queried at the PubMed website.

For an on-line medical dictionary, click on this Dictionary link.

Page Content Updated On 11/05/2018, Published on 11/06/2018
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Content updated: Tue, 6 Nov 2018 14:12:12 MST