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Important Facts for Birth Defects: Prevalence of Gastroschisis per 10,000 Live Births

Definition

Gastroschisis is a birth defect of the abdominal (belly) wall. The baby's intestines stick outside of the baby's body, through a hole beside the belly button. The hole can be small or large and sometimes other organs, such as the stomach and liver, can also stick outside of the baby's body. Prevalence of gastroschisis is the number of live-born infants with gasthroschisis per 10,000 live-born infants. (Live-born infants are the infants born with any evidence of life).

Numerator

Number of live-born infants with gastroschisis.

Denominator

Number of live-born infants.

Data Interpretation Issues

In January 2000, birth defects became a reportable condition in New Mexico; however, birth defects were collected prior to this date. The first year of consistent data is 1998. For gastroschisis data, the most recent year of analyzed data is 2011. Data are collected on live births occurring in-state to NM residents. Therefore, live births that occur in NM among out-of-state residents are excluded. Case finding/identification occurs through review of birth and death certificates, hospital discharge diagnoses, records from pediatric specialists and prenatal diagnostic providers. Birth defect cases are ascertained up to age 4; however, the majority of diagnoses are made by age 1.

Why Is This Important?

Birth defects pose a significant public health problem. One in 33 babies is born with a structural birth defect in the United States. Birth defects cause one in five deaths among infants less than a year old and lead to $2.6 billion per year in hospital costs alone in the U.S. Infants with gastroschisis must undergo surgical repair following birth to return the intestines to the abdomen and close the defect. After the repair, infants with gastroschisis can have problems with feeding, digestion of food, and absorption of nutrients.

Other Objectives

CDC Environmental Public Health Tracking, Nationally Consistent Data and Measures (EPHT NCDM)

How Do We Compare With the U.S.?

The national prevalence of gastroschisis among births from 2004-2006 is 4.49 per 10,000 births. These data data come from 14 birth defects surveillance programs: Arkansas, Arizona, California [8-county Central Valley], Colorado, Georgia [5-county metropolitan Atlanta], Illinois, Iowa, Kentucky, Massachusetts, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Puerto Rico, Texas, and Utah. Fore more information, please see: http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/features/birthdefects-keyfindings.html Due to variability in the methods used by state birth defects surveillance systems and differences in populations and risk factors, state prevalence estimates may not be directly comparable with national estimates or those of other states.
The NM EPHT website is supported by Cooperative Agreement Number, 6 NUE1EH001354 (previously, 5 U38EH000949), funded by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Its contents are solely the responsibility of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official views of CDC or do not necessarily reflect the official policies of the Department of Health and Human Services, nor does the mention of trade names, commercial practices, or organizations imply endorsement by the U.S. Government. The information published on this website may be reproduced without permission. Please use the following citation: " Retrieved Wed, 20 November 2019 9:30:55 from New Mexico EPHT Tracking Public Web site: https://nmtracking.org/ ".

Content updated: Tue, 12 Aug 2014 11:49:04 MDT