DefinitionKidney and renal pelvis cancer incidence refers to the number of persons newly diagnosed with cancer of the kidney and renal pelvis during a specified time period. Measures include: 1) number of newly diagnosed cases of the kidney and renal pelvis cancer; and 2) age-adjusted incidence rate of the kidney and renal pelvis cancer (adjusted by the direct method to the 2000 US standard population). All rates are expressed per 100,000 persons. Measures are provided by sex and race/ethnicity.
NumeratorThe number of newly diagnosed cases of the kidney and renal pelvis cancer in New Mexico residents within a specified time period. The data are based on the National Cancer Institute's Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) program incidence site recode for kidney and renal pelvis cancer (SEER Recode B 29021, 29022; ICD-O-3 codes: C649, C659); excludes histologies: 9050-9055, 9140, 9590-9989; Malignant cases: ICD behavior code 3.
DenominatorThe estimated population of New Mexico residents within a specified time period.
Why Is This Important?Kidney cancer, also called renal cancer, forms when cells in the kidney begin to grow out of control, eventually forming a tumor and potentially spreading to other parts of the body. Kidney cancer is often diagnosed early enough for a relatively effective treatment and good prognosis.
Kidney cancer accounts for about 4% of newly diagnosed cancers in the U.S. each year and about 2% of annual cancer deaths. This equates to 63,000 cases and 14,000 deaths. The five-year survival rate is 74%.
New Mexico averaged about 340 new cases of kidney cancer per year between 2010 and 2015. Since 1990, age-adjusted rates of kidney cancer diagnosis in New Mexico have increased by approximately 57%, which is consistent with national trends.
Kidney cancer is primarily a disease of older adults, and it occurs twice as commonly in men than women. Relatively little is known about the causes of kidney cancer, but two risk factors, smoking and obesity, have consistently been found to increase the risk of kidney cancer.
Other ObjectivesCDC Environmental Public Health Tracking, Nationally Consistent Data and Measures (EPHT NCDM)