DefinitionLarynx cancer incidence refers to the number of persons newly diagnosed with larynx cancer during a specified time period. Measures include 1) the number of newly diagnosed larynx cancer cases; and 2) age-adjusted larynx cancer incidence rates (adjusted by the direct method to the 2000 US standard population). All rates are expressed per 100,000 persons.
NumeratorThe number of larynx cancer cases newly diagnosed in New Mexico residents within a specified time period.
DenominatorThe estimated population of New Mexico residents within a specified time period.
Why Is This Important?Laryngeal cancer, or throat cancer, is a cancer that forms in tissues of the larynx, which is the lower part of the throat also known as the "voice box."
Laryngeal cancer accounts for less than 1% of all newly diagnosed cancers and cancer deaths in the U.S each year, with about 13,000 new cases and 3,600 deaths annually. The five-year survival rate is 60.7%. New Mexico has averaged about 56 new cases of laryngeal cancer per year from 2010 to 2015. Since 1990, age-adjusted rates of laryngeal cancer in New Mexico have decreased by nearly 40%, which is consistent with national trends.
Men and older adults experience greater rates of laryngeal cancer, and tobacco use is generally considered to be the biggest risk factor for developing laryngeal cancer.
Other ObjectivesCDC Environmental Public Health Tracking, Nationally Consistent Data and Measures (EPHT NCDM)