DefinitionMelanoma of the skin incidence refers to the number of persons newly diagnosed with melanoma of the skin during a specified time period. Measures include: 1) the number of newly diagnosed melanoma of the skin cases; and 2) age-adjusted incidence rate of melanoma of the skin (adjusted by the direct method to the 2000 US standard population). All rates are expressed per 100,000 persons. Measures are provided by sex and race/ethnicity.
NumeratorThe number of cases of melanoma of the skin newly diagnosed in New Mexico residents within a specified time period. The data are based on the National Cancer Institute?s Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) program incidence site recode for melanoma (SEER Recode B: 25010; ICD-O-3 codes: primary site C440-C449, histologies 8720-8790; Invasive melanoma (behavior code 3).
DenominatorThe estimated population of New Mexico residents within a specified time period.
Why Is This Important?Melanoma is a form of skin cancer that occurs in cells called melanocytes, which produce the skin pigment called melanin. Early detection is important, and treatment is often successful when the melanoma is found in its early stages.
Each year, melanoma accounts for nearly 5% of all new cancer cases and nearly 2% of all cancer deaths in the U.S, which represents 76,000 cases and 10,000 deaths. The five-year survival rate is 92%.
New Mexico averaged 374 new cases each year between 2010 and 2015. Since 1990, age-adjusted rates of melanoma in New Mexico have increased by approximately 26%, which is consistent with national trends.
The primary risk factor for melanoma is excess exposure to ultraviolet radiation from the sun or tanning beds.
Other ObjectivesCDC Environmental Public Health Tracking, Nationally Consistent Data and Measures (EPHT NCDM)