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Important Facts for Carbon Monoxide Poisoning Mortality

Definition

Carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning mortality refers to deaths of New Mexico residents due to CO poisoning that occurred during a specified time period. CO poisoning deaths include the following categories: unintentional non-fire related; unintentional fire-related; and unknown (previously called undetermined) intent. This indicator utilizes multiple cause coded deaths because CO poisoning mortality is always found as a contributing cause of death, rather than an underlying cause. Measures include 1) the number of deaths from CO poisoning; 2) crude rate of death from CO poisoning; and 3) age-adjusted rate of death from CO poisoning (adjusted by the direct method to the 2000 US standard population). All rates are expressed per 100,000 persons.

Numerator

The number of deaths due to CO poisoning (unintentional non-fire related; unintentional fire-related; and unknown intent) during a specified time period.

Denominator

New Mexico resident population

Data Interpretation Issues

This indicator and measures underestimate the burden of CO poisoning because most cases of CO poisoning do not result in death. Rates can be misleading (i.e., may not reflect risk of occurrence) if relatively large proportion of deaths occur to non-residents poisoned in New Mexico (they are excluded from the rate calculation).

Why Is This Important?

Death is the most severe outcome of carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning. Unintentional CO poisoning deaths are almost entirely preventable. These data can be used to assess the burden of severe CO poisoning, monitor trends over time, and inform prevention, education, and evaluation efforts. To learn more about how to prevent CO exposure, go here: http://www.cdc.gov/co/guidelines.htm

Other Objectives

CDC Environmental Public Health Tracking, Nationally Consistent Data and Measures (EPHT NCDM)
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Content updated: Fri, 2 Nov 2018 12:24:16 MDT