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Health Indicator Report of Cancer Incidence - Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia

Leukemia is a cancer of the blood-forming cells that affects both adults and children. Leukemia is the most common form of cancer diagnosed in children and adolescents, and often arises very rapidly over a short period (acute form). In adults, leukemia is more likely to take many years to develop (chronic form). The causes of leukemia are not well understood but appear to involve a combination of hereditary and environmental factors. Leukemia accounts for around 1/3rd of childhood cancers. Acute lymphocytic leukemia accounts for about 75% of childhood leukemia. The five-year survival rate is 68.2%. New Mexico averaged approximately 21 new cases of acute lymphocytic leukemia every year between 2010-2015 for children under the age of 20. Rates have remained relatively stable in New Mexico in recent decades.

Incidence of Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia - Age-adjusted Rate per 1,000,000 Population by County, Children <15 Years, New Mexico 2007-2009


Notes

Data have been age-adjusted to the U.S. 2000 standard population.

Data Sources

  • Numerator: The New Mexico Tumor Registry, University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center, http://hsc.unm.edu/som/nmtr/.
  • Population Data Source: Geospatial and Population Studies Program, University of New Mexico. http://bber.unm.edu/bber_research_demPop.html.

Definition

Acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) incidence refers to the number of persons newly diagnosed with ALL within a specified time period and age group. Measures include 1) the number of newly diagnosed ALL cases; and 2) age-adjusted ALL incidence rates (adjusted by the direct method to the 2000 US standard population). Measures are calculated for children < 15 years of age and < 20 years of age. All rates are expressed per 1,000,000 persons.

Numerator

The number of ALL cases newly diagnosed in New Mexico residents within a specified time period and age group. The data are based on the National Cancer Institute's Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) program incidence site recodes for acute lymphocytic leukemia: 35011. http://seer.cancer.gov/siterecode/

Denominator

The estimated population of New Mexico residents within a specified time period and age group.

Page Content Updated On 01/30/2019, Published on 05/16/2019
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Content updated: Mon, 19 Mar 2018 15:35:51 MDT