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Health Indicator Report of Cancer Incidence - Larynx Cancer

Laryngeal cancer, or throat cancer, is a cancer that forms in tissues of the larynx, which is the lower part of the throat also known as the "voice box." Laryngeal cancer accounts for less than 1% of all newly diagnosed cancers and cancer deaths in the U.S each year, with about 13,000 new cases and 3,600 deaths annually. The five-year survival rate is 60.7%. New Mexico has averaged about 56 new cases of laryngeal cancer per year from 2010 to 2015. Since 1990, age-adjusted rates of laryngeal cancer in New Mexico have decreased by nearly 40%, which is consistent with national trends. Men and older adults experience greater rates of laryngeal cancer, and tobacco use is generally considered to be the biggest risk factor for developing laryngeal cancer.

Incidence of Cancer of the Larynx - Age-adjusted Rate per 100,000 Population by County, New Mexico 2011-2015


Notes

Data have been age-adjusted to the U.S. 2000 standard population.

Data Sources

  • Numerator: The New Mexico Tumor Registry, University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center, http://hsc.unm.edu/som/nmtr/.
  • New Mexico Population Estimates: University of New Mexico, Geospatial and Population Studies (GPS) Program, http://gps.unm.edu/.

Definition

Larynx cancer incidence refers to the number of persons newly diagnosed with larynx cancer during a specified time period. Measures include 1) the number of newly diagnosed larynx cancer cases; and 2) age-adjusted larynx cancer incidence rates (adjusted by the direct method to the 2000 US standard population). All rates are expressed per 100,000 persons.

Numerator

The number of larynx cancer cases newly diagnosed in New Mexico residents within a specified time period.

Denominator

The estimated population of New Mexico residents within a specified time period.

Page Content Updated On 01/30/2019, Published on 05/16/2019
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Content updated: Thu, 16 May 2019 10:53:01 MDT