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Health Indicator Report of Cancer Incidence - Leukemia

Leukemia is a cancer of the blood-forming cells that affects both adults and children. Leukemia is the most common form of cancer diagnosed in children and adolescents, and often arises very rapidly over a short period (acute form). In adults, leukemia is more likely to take years to develop (chronic form). Leukemia is further grouped by the type of blood cell affected. The major childhood leukemia include acute lymphocytic and acute myeloid leukemia, whereas in adults, major subtypes include chronic lymphocytic leukemia and acute myeloid leukemia. The causes of leukemia are not well understood, but appear to involve a combination of hereditary and environmental factors. Each year, leukemia accounts for nearly 4% of new cancer cases and 4% of all cancer deaths in the U.S. The five-year survival rate is about 71%. New Mexico has averaged about 303 new cases of leukemia per year between 2010 and 2015. Rates of leukemia diagnosis in New Mexico have stayed relatively steady in recent decades.

Incidence of Leukemia - Age-adjusted Rate per 100,000 Population by County, New Mexico 2006-2008


Notes

Data have been age-adjusted to the U.S. 2000 standard population.

Data Sources

  • Numerator: The New Mexico Tumor Registry, University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center, http://hsc.unm.edu/som/nmtr/.
  • Population Data Source: Geospatial and Population Studies Program, University of New Mexico. http://bber.unm.edu/bber_research_demPop.html.

Definition

Leukemia incidence refers to the number of persons newly diagnosed with leukemia within a specified time period and age group. Measures include 1) the number of newly diagnosed leukemia cases; and 2) age-adjusted leukemia incidence rates (adjusted by the direct method to the 2000 US standard population). Measures are calculated for childern and all ages. Childhood rates (< 15 years of age and < 20 years of age) are expressed per 1,000,000 persons. Rates for all ages are expressed per 100,000 persons.

Numerator

The number of leukemia cases newly diagnosed in New Mexico residents within a specified time period and age group. The data are based on the National Cancer Institute's Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) program incidence site recodes for leukemia, including: 35011-35043 (all leukemias combined). http://seer.cancer.gov/siterecode/

Denominator

The estimated population of New Mexico residents within a specified time period and age group.

Page Content Updated On 01/30/2019, Published on 05/16/2019
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Content updated: Fri, 5 Sep 2014 13:06:56 MDT