Health Indicator Report of Cancer Incidence - Leukemia
Leukemia is a cancer of the blood-forming cells that affects both adults and children. Leukemia is the most common form of cancer diagnosed in children and adolescents, and often arises very rapidly over a short period (acute form). In adults, leukemia is more likely to take years to develop (chronic form). Leukemia is further grouped by the type of blood cell affected. The major childhood leukemia include acute lymphocytic and acute myeloid leukemia, whereas in adults, major subtypes include chronic lymphocytic leukemia and acute myeloid leukemia. The causes of leukemia are not well understood, but appear to involve a combination of hereditary and environmental factors. Each year, leukemia accounts for nearly 4% of new cancer cases and 4% of all cancer deaths in the U.S. The five-year survival rate is about 71%. New Mexico has averaged about 303 new cases of leukemia per year between 2010 and 2015. Rates of leukemia diagnosis in New Mexico have stayed relatively steady in recent decades.
Incidence of Leukemia - Age-adjusted Rate per 1,000,000 Population by County, Children <15 Years, New Mexico 2011-2015
NotesData have been age-adjusted to the U.S. 2000 standard population. **The count or rate in certain cells of the table has been suppressed either because 1) the observed number of events is very small and not appropriate for publication, or 2) it could be used to calculate the number in a cell that has been suppressed. For survey queries, percentages calculated from fewer than 50 survey responses are suppressed.
- Numerator: The New Mexico Tumor Registry, University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center, http://hsc.unm.edu/som/nmtr/.
- New Mexico Population Estimates: University of New Mexico, Geospatial and Population Studies (GPS) Program, http://gps.unm.edu/.
DefinitionLeukemia incidence refers to the number of persons newly diagnosed with leukemia within a specified time period and age group. Measures include 1) the number of newly diagnosed leukemia cases; and 2) age-adjusted leukemia incidence rates (adjusted by the direct method to the 2000 US standard population). Measures are calculated for childern and all ages. Childhood rates (< 15 years of age and < 20 years of age) are expressed per 1,000,000 persons. Rates for all ages are expressed per 100,000 persons.
NumeratorThe number of leukemia cases newly diagnosed in New Mexico residents within a specified time period and age group. The data are based on the National Cancer Institute's Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) program incidence site recodes for leukemia, including: 35011-35043 (all leukemias combined). http://seer.cancer.gov/siterecode/
DenominatorThe estimated population of New Mexico residents within a specified time period and age group.
Page Content Updated On 01/30/2019, Published on 05/16/2019