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Health Indicator Report of Cancer Incidence - Lung and Bronchus

Lung cancer is by far the leading cause of cancer death among both men and women. Most lung cancers are diagnosed at a late stage, when the prognosis is poor. Each year, lung cancer accounts for over 13% of all new cancer cases and nearly 27% of all cancer deaths in the U.S. This equates to 224,000 cases and 158,000 deaths. The five-year survival rate is 18%. New Mexico averaged 979 new cases of lung cancer each year between 2010 and 2015. Since 1990, age-adjusted rates of bladder cancer in New Mexico have declined by approximately 12%, which is consistent with national trends. Unlike other common types of cancer, there is no effective screening program for lung cancer, and symptoms often do not appear until the disease is very advanced. This makes treatment more difficult and survival less likely compared to other cancers. However, because most lung cancers are related to cigarette smoking, most cases can be avoided. Other risk factors include asbestos exposure and radon.

Incidence of Lung and Bronchus Cancer - Age-adjusted Rate per 100,000 Population by County, New Mexico 2007-2009


Notes

Data have been age-adjusted to the U.S. 2000 standard population.

Data Sources

  • Numerator: The New Mexico Tumor Registry, University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center, http://hsc.unm.edu/som/nmtr/.
  • Population Data Source: Geospatial and Population Studies Program, University of New Mexico. http://bber.unm.edu/bber_research_demPop.html.

Definition

Lung cancer incidence refers to the number of persons newly diagnosed with lung cancer during a specified time period, such as a single year or a five-year time interval. Measures include 1) the number of newly diagnosed lung cancer cases; and 2) age-adjusted lung cancer incidence rate (adjusted by the direct method to the 2000 US standard population). All rates are expressed per 100,000 persons.

Numerator

The number of lung cancers newly diagnosed in New Mexico residents during a specified time period. The data are based on the National Cancer Institute's Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) program incidence site recode: 22030. http://seer.cancer.gov/siterecode/

Denominator

The estimated resident population of New Mexico during a specified time period.

Page Content Updated On 01/30/2019, Published on 05/01/2019
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Content updated: Fri, 5 Sep 2014 13:06:56 MDT