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Health Indicator Report of Cancer Incidence - Melanoma of the Skin

Melanoma is a form of skin cancer that occurs in cells called melanocytes, which produce the skin pigment called melanin. Early detection is important, and treatment is often successful when the melanoma is found in its early stages. Each year, melanoma accounts for nearly 5% of all new cancer cases and nearly 2% of all cancer deaths in the U.S, which represents 76,000 cases and 10,000 deaths. The five-year survival rate is 92%. New Mexico averaged 374 new cases each year between 2010 and 2015. Since 1990, age-adjusted rates of melanoma in New Mexico have increased by approximately 26%, which is consistent with national trends. The primary risk factor for melanoma is excess exposure to ultraviolet radiation from the sun or tanning beds.

Incidence of Melanoma of the Skin - Age-adjusted Rate per 100,000 Population by County, New Mexico 2007-2009


Notes

Data have been age-adjusted to the U.S. 2000 standard population.

Data Sources

  • Population Data Source: Geospatial and Population Studies Program, University of New Mexico. http://bber.unm.edu/bber_research_demPop.html.
  • Numerator: The New Mexico Tumor Registry, University of New Mexico Health Sciences Center, http://hsc.unm.edu/som/nmtr/.

Definition

Melanoma of the skin incidence refers to the number of persons newly diagnosed with melanoma of the skin during a specified time period. Measures include: 1) the number of newly diagnosed melanoma of the skin cases; and 2) age-adjusted incidence rate of melanoma of the skin (adjusted by the direct method to the 2000 US standard population). All rates are expressed per 100,000 persons. Measures are provided by sex and race/ethnicity.

Numerator

The number of cases of melanoma of the skin newly diagnosed in New Mexico residents within a specified time period. The data are based on the National Cancer Institute?s Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) program incidence site recode for melanoma (SEER Recode B: 25010; ICD-O-3 codes: primary site C440-C449, histologies 8720-8790; Invasive melanoma (behavior code 3).

Denominator

The estimated population of New Mexico residents within a specified time period.

Page Content Updated On 01/09/2019, Published on 05/16/2019
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Content updated: Fri, 5 Sep 2014 13:06:56 MDT