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Acute Myeloid Leukemia

Leukemia is a cancer of the blood-forming cells that affects both adults and children. Leukemia is the most common form of cancer diagnosed in children and adolescents, and often arises very rapidly over a short period of time (acute form). In adults, leukemia is more likely to take many years to develop (chronic form) and accounts for about 3% of all cancer diagnosed annually. Leukemias are further grouped according to the type of blood cell affected, with major subtypes including lymphocytic and myeloid types. The major childhood leukemias include acute lymphocytic and acute myeloid leukemia, whereas in adults, major subtypes include chronic lymphocytic leukemia and acute myeloid leukemia. The causes of leukemia are not well understood, but appear to involve a combination of hereditary and environmental factors.
Acute myeloid leukemia is the most common type of acute leukemia in American adults. It represents 1.2% of all new cancer cases in the U.S. About 87 new cases of bladder cancer were diagnosed in New Mexico year 2013.
Acute myeloid leukemia is more common in older adults and among men compared to women. It is a relatively rare disease. Risk factors for acute myeloid leukemia include:
  • Smoking.
  • Certain chemical exposures.
  • Certain chemotherapy drugs.
  • Excess radiation exposure.
  • Certain blood disorders.
  • Genetic syndromes.
  • Family history.
If you do smoke, talk to your doctor about strategies for quitting. Medications and counseling are available to help you quit.
You can also call the 1-800-QUIT NOW (1 800-784-8669) hotline to access cessation services available to New Mexicans. Services include sessions in English or Spanish, programs for adults and youth, free cessation items and a personal quit plan.
Reduction or elimination of exposures to unnecessary radiation and chemicals associated with Acute myeloid leukemia may help to reduce risk.
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Content updated: Thu, 4 Jun 2020 16:26:02 MDT